Dr. Bruce Wallace

Dr. Bruce Wallace
Associate Professor
School of Social Work


Office: TEF 291
Professional Information & Research Interests | Education | Selected Publications | Selected Grants & Awards | Recent Courses Taught

Professional Information & Research Interests

  • Poverty
  • Health and equity
  • Specific experiences in homelessness
  • Social assistance and social policy
  • Mental health; substance use and harm reduction
  • Access to dental care and oral health equity
  • Consumer-based services in mental health and drug user groups
  • Community-oriented primary care (such as community health centres) and inner-city medicine
  • Qualitative and mixed-methods research
  • Case study and theory informed (realist) evaluations

Bruce Wallace is an associate professor with UVic's School of Social Work, a scientist with the Canadian Institute for Substance Use Research and the co-chair of the Pacific Housing Research Network (PHRN). His research focuses on substance use and harm reduction, poverty and homelessness and access to health care, including dental care. He is an engaged scholar with many years of community-based research in Victoria employing health equity and social justice approaches to his projects. Bruce’s research has been responsive to the illicit drug overdose emergency in BC as he co-leads several research initiatives including analysis of the implementation and impacts of the novel overdose prevention sites established in Victoria BC and a drug checking pilot project and evaluation.

Bruce teaches in both the graduate and undergraduate social work program, currently teaching policy and research courses. He was recently awarded the Victoria Community Leadership Award and the University of Victoria Provost’s Advocacy and Activism Award.

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PhD (Craniofacial Science) University of British Columbia, 2012
MSW (Social Work) Carleton University, 1991
BA (Sociology) University of Calgary, 1987

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Selected Publications

Journal Articles

  • Wallace, B., Pagan, F., & Pauly, B. (2019). The implementation of overdose prevention sites as a novel and nimble response during an illegal drug overdose public health emergency. International Journal of Drug Policy, 66, 64-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.01.017 
  • MacKinnon, K., Pauly B., Shahram S., Wallace B., Urbanoski K., Gordon C., Raworth R., MacDonald M., Marcellus L., Sawchuck D., Pagan F., Strosher H., Inglis D., Macevicius C., & Strayed N. (accepted Dec. 2018). Health equity-oriented approaches to inform responses to opioid overdoses: A scoping review protocol. JBI Database System Rev Implement Rep.
  • Stajduhar, K., Mollison, A., Giesbrecht, M., McNeil, R., Pauly, B., Reimer-Kirkham, S., Dosani, N., Wallace, B., Showler, G., Meagher, C., Kvakic, K., Gleave, D., Teal, T., Rose, C., Showler, C., & Rounds, K. (2019). “Just too busy living in the moment and surviving”: Barriers to accessing health care for structurally vulnerable populations at end-of-life. BMC Palliative Care, 18(11). doi: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12904-019-0396-7
  • Wallace, B., Pauly, B., Perkin, K., & Cross, G. (2018). Where’s the housing? Housing and income outcomes of a transitional program to end homelessness. Journal of Poverty. DOI:10.1080/10875549.2018.1549185  
  • Ford-Gilboe, M., Wathen, C.N., Varcoe, C., Herbert, C., Jackson, B.E., Lavoie, J.G., Pauly, B., Perrin, N.A., Smye, V., Wallace, B., & Wong, S.T. (2018). How equity‐oriented health care affects health: Key mechanisms and implications for primary health care practice and policy. The Milbank Quarterly, 96(4), 635-671. doi: 10.1111/1468-0009.12349 
  • Browne, AJ., Varcoe, C., Ford-Gilboe, M., Wathen, N., Smye, V., Jackson, B., Wallace, B., Pauly, B., Herbert, CP., Lavoie, JG, Wong, S., & Blanchet Garneau, A. (2018). Disruption as opportunity: Impacts of an organizational health equity intervention in primary care clinics. International Journal for Equity in Health, 17(154). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12939-018-0820-2 
  • Wallace, B., Barber, K., & Pauly, B. (2018). Sheltering risks: Implementation of harm reduction in homeless shelters during an overdose emergency. International Journal of Drug Policy, 53, 83-89. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2017.12.011 
  • Wallace, B., Kennedy, M.C., Kerr, T., & Pauly, B. (2018). Factors associated with non-fatal overdose during a public health emergency. Substance Use and Misuse. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2018.1491051 
  • Giesbrecht, M., Stajduhar, K.I., Mollison, A., Pauly, B., Reimer-Kirkham, S., McNeil, R., Wallace, B., Dosani, N., & Rose, C. (2018). Hospitals, clinics, and palliative care units: Place-based experiences of formal healthcare settings by people experiencing structural vulnerability at the end-of-life. Health & Place, 53, 43-51. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.06.005 
  • Pauly, B., Martin, W., Perkin, K., van Roode, T., Kwan, A., Patterson, T., Tong, S., Prescott, C., Wallace, B., Hancock, T., & MacDonald, M. (2018). Critical considerations for the practical utility of health equity tools: A concept mapping study. International Journal for Equity in Health, 17(48), 1-13. doi: 10.1186/s12939-018-0764-6 
  • Pauly, B., Wallace, B., & Barber, K. (2017). Turning a blind eye: implementation of harm reduction in a transitional programme setting. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 25(1), 21-30. doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2017.1337081 
  • Vallance, K., Pauly, B., Wallace, B., Chow, C., Perkin, K., Martin, G., Stockwell, T., & Zhao, J. (2017). Factors associated with public injection and nonfatal overdose among people who inject drugs in street-based settings. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 25(1), 38-46. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09687637.2017.1351524 
  • Reimer-Kirkham, S., Stajduhar, K., Pauly, B., Giesbrecht, M., Mollison, A., McNeil, R., & Wallace, B. (2016). Death is a social justice issue: Perspectives on equity-informed palliative care. Advances in Nursing Science, 39(4), 293-307. doi:10.1097/ANS.0000000000000146 
  • Wallace, B., Browne, A. J., Varcoe, C., Ford-Gilboe, M., Wathen, N., Long, P. M., & Parker, J. (2015). Self-reported oral health among a community sample of people experiencing social and health inequities: Cross-sectional findings from a study to enhance equity in primary healthcare settings. BMJ open, 5(12), e009519. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009519 
  • Milne, R., Price, M., Wallace, B., Drost, A., Haigh-Gidora, I., Nezil, F. A., & Fraser, C. (2015). From principles to practice: Description of a novel equity-based HCV primary care treatment model for PWID. International Journal of Drug Policy. 26 (10), 1020-1027. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2015.07.009 
  • Wallace, B., Pauly, B., Perkin, K., & Ranftt, M. (2015). Shifting the evaluative gaze: Community-based program evaluation in the homeless sector. Gateways: International Journal of Community Research and Engagement, 8(1), 43–58. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.5130/ijcre.v8i1.3936 
  • Wallace, B., MacEntee, M.I. & Pauly, B. (2015). Community dental clinics in British Columbia, Canada: Examining the potential as health equity interventions. Health & Social Care in the Community, 23(4), 371–379. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/hsc.12151 
  • Pauly, B., Wallace B., & Perkin, K. (2014). Approaches to evaluation of homelessness interventions. Housing, Care and Support, 17(4), 177 – 187. doi: https://doi.org/10.1108/HCS-07-2014-0017 
  • Wallace, B., & MacEntee, M.I. (2013). Perspectives on community dental clinics in British Columbia. Journal of Healthcare for the Poor and Underserved, 24(2), 943-953. doi: https://doi.org/10.1353/hpu.2013.0061 
  • Wallace, B., MacEntee, M.I., Harrison, R., Hole, R. & Mitton, C. (2013). Community dental clinics: Providers’ perspectives. Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, 41(3), 193-203 doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/cdoe.12012 
  • Wallace, B., & MacEntee, M.I. (2012). Access to dental care for low-income adults: Perceptions of affordability, availability and acceptability. Journal of Community Health, 37(1), 32-39. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-011-9412-4 

Chapters in Books

  • Wallace, B., & Richards, T. (2015). Policy resistance: The rise and fall of welfare time limits in British Columbia. In McKenzie, B. & Wharf, B. (Eds.), Connecting Policy to Practice in the Human Services, 4th Ed. Toronto: Oxford University Press Canada.
  • Wallace, B., Figueiredo, R., MacEntee, M. I., & Quiñonez, C. (2014). Homelessness and Oral Health. In M. Guirguis-Younge, S. Hwang, & R. McNeil (Eds.), Homelessness & Health in Canada. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press.

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Selected Grants & Awards

  • "Feasibility check: Expansion of drug checking to reach people who use alone and reduce overdose in private residences," Bruce Wallace (PI). Co-Lead: Paige Charlie. Trainee: Flora Pagan. Dennis Hore (CI), Bernie Pauly (CI). Co-Applicants: Jarred Aasen, Shane Calder, Jennifer Cartwright, Gina McGowan, Morgan Price, Chloe Sage, Richard Stanwick. Funded by Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research, Pathway to Patient-Oriented Research (P2P) Award. (2019-2020)
  • "Refugee resettlement and trauma: Developing strategies for collective action," Mehmoona Moosa-Mitha (PI), Bruce Wallace (CI). Knowledge Users: Adrienne Carter & Yazan Khalaileh. Funded by Vancouver Foundation. (2018-2019)
  • "Implementing innovations in drug checking: A harm reduction pilot in response to illicit drug overdose," Bruce Wallace (PI), Dennis Hore (PI). Knowledge Users: Warren O’Brian, Morgan Price, Richard Stanwick. Funded by Health Canada’s Substance Use and Addictions Program. (2018-2021)
  • "Toward an equity oriented framework to inform responses to opioid overdoses (EOF): A scoping review," Bruce Wallace (PI), Sana Shahram (PI). Principal Knowledge User: Warren O’Briain. Co-Investigators: Karen Urbanoski, Karen MacKinnon, Lenora Marcellus, Marjorie MacDonald. Knowledge Users: Trevor Corneil, Heather Hobbs, Katrina Jensen, Silvina Mema, Diane Sawchuck, Wendy Young. Collaborators: Connie Clement, Penelope Cooper, Richard Crowe, Carla Frohaug, Harold Johnson, Joan Johnson, Andrea Medley, Richard Stanwick, Janine Stevenson. Funded by Canadian Institutes of Health Research Synthesis Grant. (2018-2018)
  • "Drug checking: Engaged research on implementations in response to overdose," Bruce Wallace (PI), Dennis Hore (CI), & Bernie Pauly (CI). Principle Knowledge User; Shane Calder. Collaborators: Warren O’Briain & Morgan Price. Funded by Vancouver Foundation. (2018-2019)
  • "Realizing the benefits of a palliative approach for vulnerable and marginalized people living with cancer," Principal Applicant: Kelli Stajduhar. Co-Applicants: Bruce Wallace, Paul Holyoke, Sonya Jakubec, Bernie Pauly, Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, & Rick Sawatzky. Knowledge users: Simon Colgan, Naheed Dosani, Bernice Kamano, Kristen Kvakic, Douglas McGregor, & Grey Showler. Canadian Cancer Society (CCS) Knowledge to Action Grant. (2018-2019)
  • "Closing the health equity gap: Implementing health equity in harm reduction responses to the opioid overdose crisis," Bruce Wallace (PI), Annette Browne (CI), Bernie Pauly (CI), & Colleen Varcoe (CI). Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Institute of Population & Public Health’s Planning & Dissemination Grant. (2017-2018)
  • "Analysis of overdose prevention sites in British Columbia," Bruce Wallace (PI), & Bernie Pauly (CI). Collaborators: Flora Pagan & Heather Hobbs. Health Canada, Drug Program, Strategic Policy Branch. (2017)
  • "Reducing the stigma of substance use and building capacity in patient-oriented primary care research," Karen Urbanoski (PI), Bernie Pauly (PI), Bruce Wallace (CI), & Elizabeth Hartney (CI). Principal Knowledge Users: Bill Bullock, Jill Cater, & Chris Hancock. Collaborators: Rebecca Barnes, Lynn Devin, Alisa Harrison, & Cindy Trytten. Canadian Institutes of Health Research Strategies for Patient Orientated Research Grant. (2017-2018) 
  • "Structural vulnerability, aging, and care at the end of life," Kelli Stajduhar (PI), Naheed Dosani (CI), Kristen Kvakic (CI), Douglas McGregor (CI), Grey Showler (CI), Bernie Pauly (CI), Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham (CI) & Bruce Wallace (CI). Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Institute Community Support. (2017-2018)
  • "Feasibility Study of Supervised Consumption Services in Victoria BC," Bruce Wallace (PI). UVic Internal Research/Creative Project Grant (IRCPG). (2016-2017)
  • "Victoria Site - Canadian Research Initiative on Substance Misuse," Bruce Wallace (PI), Bernie Pauly (CI), & Thomas Kerr (CI). Collaborators: Sean Rourke (Ontario HIV Treatment Network). BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Centre for Addictions Research BC, & YES2SCS. (2016-2017)
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Recent Courses Taught

  • SOCW 510 - Policy Context of Practice
  • SOCW 549 - Research Foundations
  • SOCW 319 - Research for Social Change
  • SOCW 580 - Social Work in the Homeless Sector
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