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Apply for jobs

A successful work search starts with a strong application. These resources can help you navigate:

  • résumés
  • cover letters
  • interviews
  • portfolios

Job postings

So you've discovered an appealing job posting—great!

Understanding exactly what the employer is looking for will help your application stand out. Customizing your application to the specific requirements will show that you're a strong candidate.

To customize your application, take 5 minutes and deconstruct the posting.

Make sure the job is real

If you're applying for jobs online, do some research first.

  • visit the company's website to make sure it's legitimate
  • see if the company (and employees) exists on LinkedIn
  • is the name of the hiring manager listed with the job posting?

A real company will not:

  • ask for your banking, credit card or social insurance number during the interview stage
  • send you money upfront and ask you to cash cheques or wire money to them

If you suspect that a posting on the Co-op and Career portal is a scam, contact us. UVic does not verify employers or individual job postings. You can also contact the Canadian Anti-Fraud Centre.

Résumés & CVs

The terms résumé and CV (curriculum vitae) are sometimes used interchangeably, but they are different documents used for different purposes.

Key differences


  • résumés are for searching for work
  • CVs are for applying for contracts, advanced research or post-secondary teaching positions


  • résumés focus on your non-academic work experience and emphasize your skills
  • CVs focus on your academic work experience with an emphasis on research and teaching


  • résumés are generally 1 to 2 pages
  • CVs are often 5, 10, 20 or more pages

Want some more help with your résumé?

Learn more about building your résumé or CV.

Instant résumé feedback

 UVic has partnered with VMock, an artificial intelligence system that can give you on-the-spot résumé feedback

Tools like ChatGPT can help you get started as you build your résumé and write a cover letter or even practice for an interview, but they cannot replace your own work.

If you choose to use AI tools, it's important to use them strategically and ethically. We've put together suggestions to help you use these tools. You can also see UVic's statement on using AI.

You are responsible for ensuring that the content you submit in your applications is accurate and reflects your skill level. We encourage you to consult with a UVic Co-op and Career staff member for feedback.

You can access Co-op and Career approved tools like VMock here, or explore resources related to AI tools through UVic’s Learn Anywhere site.

Tips from grads and experts

A student wearing a yellow jacket stands at the top of the mountain, facing away from the camera.

Listen to the Work It podcast

Join hosts Katy and Emma as they talk with alumni about their careers: what they love, what they've learned, and how they got there.

Plus, get actionable advice to help you succeed at work, like how to feel confident in job interviews, what to do to avoid burnout and more.


A portfolio is collection of documents and artifacts that record important markers in your career development.

You can bring your portfolio to interviews to demonstrate your experience, skills and knowledge to an employer in a visual way. You can also create an online portfolio as a digital record of your work.

There are 2 types of portfolios:

Use a master portfolio to store all the important documents you might want to access later in your career. Although you wouldn't normally show this to employers, it's a place to record your documents.

Creating a master career portfolio will help you:

  • create résumés, cover letters, personal websites and employment proposals
  • prepare for meetings with employers, interviews and performance reviews
  • identify strengths, see evidence of your progress and clarify what you want to build in your career

Items to add to a master portfolio:

  • experience
    • work and volunteer experience
  • references 
  • work samples
    • papers, projects, essays, reports, lab reports, writing samples, personal website, graphic design samples
  • education
    • copies of degrees and certificates and transcripts
  • training and professional development
  • awards and recognition
    • scholarships, certificates, letters and notes of appreciation, performance reviews, work term evaluations, newspaper clippings, photos
  • professional memberships
  • career vision and goals 
  • self-assessments
    • personality and aptitude test results and competency assessments

A presentation portfolio is a small collection of documents you can present to an employer or selection committee. You can choose certain items from your master portfolio to create a presentation portfolio.

Your presentation portfolio should include 8 documents or fewer and be specific to the position. For a hard copy portfolio, select a slim professional-looking folder and use good-quality colour photocopies (not your original documents). Go over the contents so you're confident speaking about each item.

How you can use your presentation portfolio

  • when networking, applying for positions or interviewing 
  • at informational meetings
  • as an attachment with your application
  • at an interview, if it's appropriate

What to put in your presentation portfolio

  • work samples
    • lesson plans, writing, marketing documents, blueprints, software, video clips
  • project descriptions
  • photos of work or work sites
  • reference letters
  • testimonials 
  • evaluations 
  • awards 
  • certifications

Cover letters

A cover letter introduces your résumé. It describes how your experiences line up with the job posting. You'll use a cover letter when:

  • you apply to a posted position
  • you submit your résumé to an organization that is not currently hiring (also called a letter of introduction or a prospecting letter)
  • you apply for graduate school, a co-op program, an internship or a scholarship

Learn more about writing a cover letter.


An interview is a meeting between you and an organization or employer when you’re considered a candidate for a job. The organization may interview several candidates before making a final selection.

An interview is also your opportunity to learn more about a position and organization to make sure it's a good fit.

During a traditional interview, an interviewer or interviewers will ask you questions about your experience and skills. You may also have to demonstrate your skills by giving a formal presentation, a role-play or a written assignment. 

What do interviewers want to know?

  • Can you do the work?
  • Will you be a fit with the work culture?
  • Are you motivated to do the work?

Learn more about preparing for an interview.


Your references are people who know you (generally from a work, volunteer or educational setting) who can comment on your skills, personal qualities and work ethic to a potential employer. You should usually provide the names of 3 or 4 references on your résumé, or provide them during the interview.

References can include:

  • former or present supervisors
  • professors, teaching assistants, teachers, lab instructors
  • coaches, volunteer supervisors, mentors
  • colleagues who can speak to your abilities

References should NOT include:

  • relatives
  • friends

Always ask your references for permission to use their names on your reference list. You may also want to ask them what they would say about you if someone called to do a reference check.

Your potential employer will usually contact your references after you've completed a successful interview to learn more about you and your work history. This could be immediately following your interview or several days after.

Job offers

They've offered you the job—congratulations! Normally, you should provide a response within about 24 to 48 hours. Before you accept a position, make sure you consider the following:

  1. What specific activities, responsibilities and tasks will you be working on? 
  2. How much will you be paid? Is the pay an hourly wage or an annual salary? 
  3. What hours will you work? Is there room for flexible hours? Is overtime or travel expected?
  4. Is the job remote or will you work on-site?
  5. Does your employer offer medical or dental benefits or contribute to a pension? 
  6. Will you be part of a union? What are the union dues? 
  7. How much annual vacation time will you receive?
  8. When would your start date be?

Learn more about how to accept a job offer.