# Grade point average (GPA) calculations

### Sessional GPA

Sessional GPA is calculated at the end of a session (Winter: September to April, Summer: May to August), using the following procedure:

1.  Multiply Grade Point by Unit Value for each course to calculate Course Points.

2.  Divide Total Course Points by Total Unit Value to obtain the Sessional GPA.

Courses graded as COM, INP, N/X or F/X should be excluded from the calculation.  However, any course that receives an F or N grade will be used in the Sessional GPA calculation.

With the exception of the COM and INP courses, the sessional grade point average is based only on courses which have a unit value. (e.g. LING099 is graded, but does not carry any unit value).

A duplicate (DUP) or mutually-exclusive (M/X) course is included in the sessional GPA calculation, even though no credit is awarded.

 Row # Grade Grade point Unit value Course points Note 1 B+ 6 x 3.0 = 18.0 DUP 2 B 5 x 3.0 = 15.0 3 C+ 3 x 3.0 = 9.0 (DEF) 4 COM N/A x N/A = N/A 5 E 0 x 1.5 = 0.0 6 B+ 6 x 1.5 = 9.0 7 A- 7 x 1.5 = 10.5 8 INP N/A x N/A = N/A 9 N 0 x 1.5 = 0 Totals 15.0 61.5

Sessional GPA: 61.5 divided by 15.0 = 4.10

Example explanation:

Row #1: This course has a duplicate note.  Although no units were awarded for the course it is still used in the GPA calculation.

Row #3: Originally graded as "DEF" changed to C+. The grade obtained for a deferred course will be used in calculating the sessional GPA. If a deferred course is not completed, the final grade for the course becomes N.

Row #4: Courses bearing the grade COM may or may not be assigned credit. The COM grade is ignored in the calculation of the sessional GPA.

Row #5: Any passing grade obtained on a supplemental examination will be shown in the student’s academic record with a grade point value of 1 (corresponding to a D) and will be taken into account in the determination of the graduating average and the class of degree. It will not affect the sessional GPA.

Row #8: Courses bearing the grade INP are ignored in the sessional GPA calculation.

### Projected GPA

A projected sessional GPA is calculated when there are ungraded and/or deferred courses in a session.  It is a worst-case scenario GPA, whereby courses with no final grade are assumed to have a grade value of 0 (i.e. a failing grade).  A projected GPA is not shown on a student’s transcript but is calculated internally.  It is used to determine the academic standing that will be assigned if all ungraded/deferred courses are failed.  An unsatisfactory projected GPA can block the student from accessing future registration until it can be determined that sufficient grades and academic standing can be achieved.

Depending on a student’s academic standing at the start of the session, a projected GPA can result in several outcomes:

 Academic standing at start of session Projected sessional GPA Registration blocked Anticipated standing (worst-case scenario if failing grades are obtained) In good standing 2.00 or greater No In good standing 1.99 or less No University probation University probation 2.00 or greater No In good standing 1.99 or less Yes Required to withdraw

A projected sessional GPA is calculated in the same way as a sessional GPA, but before the session is complete.

An example is shown below:

 Row # Grade Grade point Unit value Course points 1 D 1 x 3.0 = 3.0 2 C 2 x 1.5 = 3.0 3 C+ 3 x 1.5 = 4.5 4 no grade 0 x 1.5 = 0 5 no grade 0 x 1.5 = 0 Totals 9.0 10.5

Projected sessional GPA = 10.5 divided by 9.0 = 1.17

If this student was on university probation at the start of the session then they would be blocked from registering in a future session because their projected GPA is below the minimum 2.00 that is required to clear their probation status.

However, as courses are completed, the projected GPA updates:

 Row # Grade Grade point Unit value Course points 1 D 1 x 3.0 = 3.0 2 C 2 x 1.5 = 3.0 3 C+ 3 x 1.5 = 4.5 4 B 5 x 1.5 = 7.5 5 no grade 0 x 1.5 = 0 Totals 9.0 18.0

Projected sessional GPA = 18.0 divided by 9.0 = 2.00.

As the projected GPA is now 2.00, registration is permitted (even if, worst-case, the course in Row #5 is failed, the sessional GPA would be 2.00).

### Term GPA

Effective 2016 Winter Session, a term grade point average (GPA) is displayed on the administrative transcript for each term of the Winter Session when all final grades have been received.

The term GPA is based on all courses taken or challenged in that term and which have a unit value. The first half of a year-long course and courses bearing the grade COM, INP, N/X, or F/X are excluded from the term GPA calculation.

Term GPA is not used in the determination of academic standing and does not appear on the Official Transcript.

At the undergraduate level, except for Law, supplemental grades are not included in the term GPA; Law supplemental grades are included in the term GPA.

See Sessional GPA for the method of calculation.

### Cumulative GPA

To calculate the cumulative grade point average, use the above noted example for calculating a sessional grade point average.

Since September 1992 the cumulative grade point average, which normally appears at the end of a transcript, is based on courses taken or challenged in session(s) where a final sessional grade point average has been determined.  Excluded courses are those with grades of COM, F/X, N/X; courses taken on exchanges since Summer 2013; undergraduate supplemental grades.

##### Law:

The Law cumulative grade point average, which normally appears at the end of a transcript, is based on courses taken in sessions where a final sessional grade point average has been determined except where a revised grade point average exists.  In these cases the revised GPA is used.  Excluded courses are those with grades of COM, F/X, N/X.

If a student takes courses beyond a first undergraduate degree, or transfers to the JD program, a further cumulative grade point average will be calculated excluding those courses completed prior to the granting of the first degree or entry to the JD program.

﻿The graduating average of a student in a bachelor’s degree program (other than BEng, BSEng, and Law) will be determined as the weighted average of the grade values assigned to 300 and 400 level (and in Education 700 level) courses (other than COM-graded courses) taken or challenged at UVic. Courses at the 500 level may be included in the graduating average if they are accepted as credit towards the undergraduate degree.

A course which has been used to satisfy the requirements for one degree, or which has been used in the calculation of the student’s graduating average for one degree, cannot be used for credit towards another degree.

The graduating average is an internal calculation that does not display on the academic transcript and is used to determine if a degree is granted ‘With Distinction’.

Example:

 Course Grade Note Grade point Unit value Course points used in grad GPA MUS326 HIS345 HIS351 POL320 HIS343 POL313 HIS394 HIS366 POL465 ENG376 SOC301 PSY330 PSY330 PSY315 PSY331 SOC305 SOC305 - B B A- B+ B B B C+ A C D B- A B F E B - - - - - - - - - - - - - DUP - - - SUP - 5 5 7 6 5 5 5 3 8 2 1 4 8 5 0 0 ***1 - x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 1.5 1.5 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 1.5 1.5 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 *3.0 3.0 42.0 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = 7.5 7.5﻿ 21.0 18.0 15.0 15.0 7.5 4.5 24.0 6.0 3.0 12.0 24.0 15.0 0.0 **0.0 3.0 183.0

not used in total

In calculating the graduating grade point average, the following procedure is used:

1. Multiply Grade Point by Registered (not awarded) Unit Value for each senior course, then add Course Points to obtain the total Course Points.

2. Divide the total Course Points by the total of Registered Unit Values to obtain the Graduating Grade Point Average.(Disregard COM and INP courses in total Registered Units.)

Total Course Points / Total Number of Registered Units = Graduating Grade Point Average