Grade point average (GPA) calculations

For more information on grades visit the grades page for current students.

Sessional GPA

Academic Standing is assigned based on your Sessional GPA. More on Academic Standing.

Sessional GPA is calculated at the end of a session (Winter: September to April, Summer: May to August), using the following procedure:

  1. Multiply Grade Point X Unit Value for each course = Course Points
  2. Divide Total Course Points ÷ Total Unit Value = Sessional GPA
  • Exclude courses graded as COM, INP, N/X or F/X from the calculation.
  • Include courses that receives an F or N grade in the calculation.
  • Include duplicate (DUP) or mutually-exclusive (M/X) courses in the calculation, even though no credit is awarded.

With the exception of the COM and INP courses, the sessional grade point average is based only on courses which have a unit value (e.g. LING 099 is graded, but does not carry any unit value).

An example calculation is shown below.  Use your Administrative Transcript to find your grades and the unit values for a course.

Grade

Grade Point

 

Unit Value

 

Course Points

Note

Explanation

B+

6

x

3.0

=

18.0

DUP

This course has a duplicate note "DUP". Although no units were awarded for the course it is still used in the GPA calculation.

B

5

x

3.0

=

15.0

C+

3

x

3.0

=

9.0

(DEF)

Originally graded as "DEF" changed to C+. The grade obtained for a deferred course will be used in calculating the sessional GPA. If a deferred course is not completed, the final grade for the course becomes N.

COM

N/A

x

N/A

=

N/A

Courses bearing the grade COM may or may not be assigned credit. The COM grade is ignored in the calculation of the sessional GPA.

E

0

x

1.5

=

0.0

Any passing grade obtained on a supplemental examination will be shown in your academic record with a grade point value of 1 (corresponding to a D) and will be taken into account in the determination of the graduating average and the class of degree. It will not affect the sessional GPA.

B+

6

x

1.5

=

9.0

A-

7

x

1.5

=

10.5

INP

N/A

x

N/A

=

N/A

Courses bearing the grade INP are ignored in the sessional GPA calculation. 

N

0

x

1.5

=

0

 Total

 

 

15.0

 

61.5

 

Sessional GPA calculation: Course points (61.5) ÷ Unit value (15.0) = 4.10

Projected GPA

A projected sessional GPA is calculated when there are ungraded and/or deferred courses in a session.  It is a worst-case scenario GPA, whereby courses with no final grade are assumed to have a grade value of 0 (i.e. a failing grade). A projected GPA is not shown on your transcript but is calculated internally. It is used to determine the academic standing that will be assigned if all ungraded/deferred courses are failed. An unsatisfactory projected GPA can block you from accessing future registration until it can be determined that sufficient grades and academic standing can be achieved.

Depending on your academic standing at the start of the session, a projected GPA can result in several outcomes:

Academic standing
at start of session

Projected sessional GPA

Registration
blocked

Anticipated standing
(worst-case scenario
if failing grades are obtained)

In good standing

2.00 or greater

No

In good standing

1.99 or less

No

University probation

University probation

2.00 or greater

No

In good standing

1.99 or less

Yes

Required to withdraw

A projected sessional GPA is calculated in the same way as a sessional GPA, but before the session is complete.

An example is shown below:

Grade

Grade point

 

Unit value

 

Course points

D

1

x

3.0

=

3.0

C

2

x

1.5

=

3.0

C+

3

x

1.5

=

4.5

No grade

0

x

1.5

=

0

No grade

0

x

1.5

=

0

Total

 

 

9.0

 

10.5

Projected sessional GPA calculation: Course points (10.5) ÷ Unit value (9.0) = 1.17

If this student was on university probation at the start of the session then they would be blocked from registering in a future session because their projected GPA is below the minimum 2.00 that is required to clear their probation status.

However, as courses are completed, the projected GPA updates: 

Grade

Grade point

 

Unit value

 

Course points

D

1

x

3.0

=

3.0

C

2

x

1.5

=

3.0

C+

3

x

1.5

=

4.5

B

5

x

1.5

=

7.5

No grade

0

x

1.5

=

0

Total

 

 

9.0

 

18.0

Projected sessional GPA calculation: Course points (18.0) ÷ Unit value (9.0) = 2.00

As the projected GPA is now 2.00, registration is permitted.

Term GPA

Effective 2016 Winter Session, a term grade point average (GPA) is displayed on the administrative transcript for each term of the Winter Session when all final grades have been received. 

The term GPA is based on all courses taken or challenged in that term and which have a unit value. The first half of a year-long course and courses bearing the grade COM, INP, N/X, or F/X are excluded from the term GPA calculation.

Term GPA is not used in the determination of academic standing and does not appear on the Official Transcript. 

At the undergraduate level, except for Law, supplemental grades are not included in the term GPA; Law supplemental grades are included in the term GPA.

See Sessional GPA for the method of calculation.

Cumulative GPA

Undergraduate, excluding Law

Since September 1992 the cumulative grade point average, which normally appears at the end of a transcript, is based on courses taken or challenged in session(s) where a final sessional grade point average has been determined.  Excluded courses are those with grades of COM, F/X, N/X; courses taken on exchanges since Summer 2013; undergraduate supplemental grades.

Law

The Law cumulative grade point average, which normally appears at the end of a transcript, is based on courses taken in sessions where a final sessional grade point average has been determined except where a revised grade point average exists.  In these cases the revised GPA is used.  Excluded courses are those with grades of COM, F/X, N/X.

Undergraduate, including Law

If a student takes courses beyond a first undergraduate degree, or transfers to the JD program, a further cumulative grade point average will be calculated excluding those courses completed prior to the granting of the first degree or entry to the JD program.

An sample calculation is shown below. Use your Administrative Transcript to find your sessional GPA.

Session

Units

GPA

Course points

Winter 2013-2014

12.0

x

6.50

=

78.00

Winter 2014-2015

13.5

x

7.33

=

98.96

Winter 2015-2016

12.0

x

8.25

=

99.00

Winter 2016-2017

12.0

x

8.13

=

97.56

Winter 2017-2018

7.5

x

9.00

=

67.50

 Total

 57.0

 

 

 

447.02

Cumulative GPA calculation: Course points (447.02) ÷ Units (57.0) = 7.74

Graduating GPA

The graduating average of a student in a bachelor’s degree program (other than BEng, BSEng, and Law) will be determined as the weighted average of the grade values assigned to 300 and 400 level (and in Education 700 level) courses (other than COM-graded courses) taken or challenged at UVic. Courses at the 500 level may be included in the graduating average if they are accepted as credit towards the undergraduate degree.

A course which has been used to satisfy the requirements for one degree, or which has been used in the calculation of the student’s graduating average for one degree, cannot be used for credit towards another degree.

The graduating average is an internal calculation that does not display on the academic transcript and is used to determine if a degree is granted ‘With Distinction’.

An example is shown below:

Course Grade Note Grade point Unit value Course points used in Graduating GPA

MUS 326

B

5

x

1.5

=

7.5

HIS 345

B

5

x

1.5

=

7.5

HIS 351

A-

7

x

3.0

=

21.0

POL 320

B+

6

x

3.0

=

18.0

HIS 343

B

5

x

3.0

=

15.0

POL 313

B

x

1.5

=

15.0

HIS 394

B

5

x

1.5

=

7.5

HIS 366 C+ 3 x 3.0 = 4.5
POL 465 A 8 x 3.0 = 24.0
ENG 376 C 2 x 3.0 = 6.0
SOC301 D 1 x 3.0 = 3.0
PSY330 B- 4 x 3.0 = 12.0
PSY330 A DUP 8 x 3.0 = 24.0
PSY315 B 5 x 3.0 = 15.0
PSY 331 F 0 x 3.0 = 0.0
SOC 305 E 0 x

3.0 (not used in total)

= 0.0 (final SUP grade used)
SOC 305 B SUP 1 (SUP grade counted as D grade equivalent ) x 3.0 = 3.0
Total 42.0 183.0

In calculating the graduating grade point average, the following procedure is used:

  1. Multiply Grade Point by Registered (not awarded) Unit Value for each senior course, then add Course Points to obtain the total Course Points.
  2. Divide the total Course Points by the total of Registered Unit Values to obtain the Graduating Grade Point Average.(Disregard COM and INP courses in total Registered Units.)

Graduating GPA calculation: Total Course Points (183.0) ÷ Total Number of Registered Units (42.0) = 4.36

Converting UVic undergraduate grades to other grade scales

UVic operates on a 9 point/letter grade scale based on a standardized percentage/letter grade equivalency. Read more in the academic calendar.

If you are considering transferring to or from another institution, you may want to see how the UVic grading scale converts to other grading scales.

Scale A+ A A- B+ B B- C+ C D F
UVic 9 point
scale
C+= 3
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
4.00 scale
when
C+= 2.3
NA 4 3.7 3.3 3 2.7 2.3 2 1 0
4.00 scale
when
C+= 2.33
NA 4 3.67 3.33 3 2.67 2.33 2 1 0
4.33 scale
when
C+= 2.3
4.33 4 3.7 3.3 3 2.7 2.3 2 1 0
4.33 scale
when
C+= 2.33
4.33 4 3.67 3.33 3 2.67 2.33 2 1 0

Note: This table is provided for information only and is being made available to assist students who are considering transferring to or from an institution that operates on one of the 4 point scales. The institution you are transferring to is responsible for determining how UVic grades are converted. If you are considering transferring to another institution, please consult that institution if further detail regarding grade conversion is required.