Here is a list of our former graduate students, and the titles of their projects, sorted by degree and year.

MA Students


  • Morgan Gray, BA (University of Victoria): “Empirical Pragmatic Constructivism: Giving the Social Scientific Methods Their Due”; Supervisor: Dr. Eric Hochstein
  • Stephen Kirkbride, BA (University of Victoria): “Testimonial Smothering and Social Media”; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap
  • Danat Kukolj, BA (University of Victoria): “Reconsidering Shapiro’s Moral Aim Thesis”; Supervisor: Dr. Cindy Holder
  • John Miller, BA (University of Victoria): “The Quest for a Scientific Transcendental Idealism: Fichte’s Intellectual Intuition as the Key to an Improved Critical System”; Supervisor: Dr. Thomas Land (PhD program, University of Toronto)
  • Samuel Odell, BA (University of the Fraser Valley): “Infected Phrases and Grice’s Cooperative Principle”; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap (Bachelor of Education at Wilfred Laurier University)
  • Regan Oey, BA (University of British Columbia) “Moral Solidarity & Gentrification”; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap
  • Arunkumar Rajavel, BE (Anna University), MA (University of Tartu), "On Mirgration as Structural Injustice: An Arendtian Approach"; Supervisor: Dr. Cindy Holder


  • Will Arrett, BSc (University of Wisconsin - Madison): “A Miraculous Dilemma for Moral Realism”; Supervisor: Dr. Michael Raven
  • Kaitlyn Berry, BA (Thompson Rivers University): "'Living Without the Sacred': Transcript and Discussion"; Supervisor: Dr. David Scott
  • Christopher Leeman, BA (University of Victoria), "Debunking the Hard Problem of Consciousness"; Supervisor: Dr. Eric Hochstein (PhD at University of Victoria)
  • Salah Mekhalalati, BA (University of Louisville),"Why an Overcommitment to Natural Kinds Hinders Progress in Cognitive Science"; Supervisor: Dr. Eric Hochstein (PhD at Carleton, in Cognitive Science)
  • Ryan Teeter, BA (Ryerson University), "Amor Fati in the Gay Science"; Supervisor: Dr. Clifford Roberts (University of Toronto, Law School)
  • William van den Broek, BA (University of Victoria), "An Individualist Response to Puzzles of Plural Obligation"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod


  • Jianding Bai, BA (Southeast University, Nanjing), BA (Soochow University): “An Alternative Solution to Epistemic Injustice: The Power of Knowing”; Supervisor: Dr. Patrick Rysiew
  • Brandon De Jong, BA (University of Calgary) JD (University of Victoria): “Left-populism and the Construction of 'the People': The Case for an Antagonistic Approach”; Supervisor, Dr. Cindy Holder (Instructor, Red Deer College)
  • Jonathan hand, BA (University of Leeds) Graduate Diploma (University of St Andrews):  “What Makes a House a Home? A Phenomenological Exposition of Space and Place: Home and Homelessness”; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap
  • Andrada Holmgren, BA (University of Victoria): “The Concept of Consciousness”; Supervisor: Dr. Eric Hochstein (PhD at University of British Columbia)
  • Vincent Lombardi, BA (University of Victoria): “Identifying Conflicts Between Models in Science: Examining the Role of Implicit Commitments in Scientific Models”; Supervisor: Dr. Eric Hochstein
  • Bethel Raposas, BA (Biola University): “To Shame or Not to Shame?: On the Question of Producing Moral Shame in Others”; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap (MA in Clinical Psychology, Pepperdine University)
  • Patrick Reilly, BA (University of Nebraska): “Social Essences”; Supervisor: Dr. Mike Raven
  • Harris Watt, BA (University of Victoria): “Misogynistic Radicalization”; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap


  • Gennady McCracken, BA (University British Columbia-Okanagan): “MacIntyre, The Liberal Virtue of Imagination, and Imagination Subverting Modernity”; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod (PhD at University of Guelph)
  • Andrew Freundlich, BA (Vancouver Island University): “Mysticism and the Mystical”; Supervisor: Dr. Margaret Cameron (PhD at University of Guelph)
  • Spencer Hula, BA (University of Victoria): “To Protect and Serve: The Moral Necessity of Just Wars and Just Warriors”; Supervisor: Klaus Jahn (Employed by BC government)
  • Eleanor Steele, BA (University of the Fraser Valley): “Lacking Essence: A Non Binary Answer to Uniessentialism”; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap (PhD at University of Waterloo)


  • Jonathan Faerber, BA (University of Alberta): "Unbelievable Doubts (and other skeptical discoveries)”; Supervisor: Dr. Scott Woodcock
  • Julia Berry, BA (University of Victoria): "The Two Definitions of Racism: How a Multi-Faceted Account Can Lead to Multi-Faceted Solutions"; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap (employed by BC government)
  • Dean Coslovi, BA (University of Lethbridge): "Two Bridges and a Mapping Problem: An Account of the Impossibility for a Materialist Explanation of Phenomenal Properties"; Supervisor: Dr. Eike-Henner Kluge (MA in Military, Security and Strategic Studies at the University of Calgary)
  • Adrianna Forest, BA (University of Alberta): "Who is Being Consoled in Boethius’ Consolation of Philosophy?"; Supervisor: Dr. Margaret Cameron (Executive Assistant, OneFeather Mobile Technologies)
  • Edmon Kelaita, BA (UBC): "Virtue Epistemology: A Defense Of High-Knowledge"; Supervisor: Dr. Patrick Rysiew


  • Emma Byrnes, BA Hons. (Queen's): "Costly Choices: Gender & Luck Egalitarianism"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin MacLeod
  • Zacharius Braciszewicz, BA (University of Victoria): "Wittgensteinian Hinges and the Universality of Rational Evaluation"; Supervisor: Dr. Patrick Rysiew
  • Aleta Gruenewald, BA (Queen's):"An Inclusive Framework for Understanding Transpeople's First Person Authority over Avowals of Gender Identity"; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap (PhD at University of Waterloo)
  • Eric Hutchinson, BA (York University): "On the Relation of Finite Things to God in Spinoza’s Ethics"; Supervisor: Dr. David Scott
  • Denelle Lambert, BA (Calgary), B.L. (Ottawa): "Metaphysics, Copyright, and Fictional Characters"; Supervisor: Dr. James Young (PhD at University of Victoria)
  • Jaipreet Mattu, BSc (University of Fraser Valley): "Psychiatry as Cognitive Neuroscience: A Pluralistic Framework Based on Mechanistic Explanation"; Supervisor Dr. Audrey Yap (PhD at University of Western Ontario)
  • Cadence Taylor, BA (University of Victoria): "Practical Morality and Error Theory. An Examination of Joyce’s Argument against Morality"; Supervisor Dr. Scott Woodcock
  • Kacie Williams, BA (Fredonia): "Affirming The Art Status of Video Games: What are Video Games and How Do Some Attain Arthood"; Supervisor Dr. James Young (Adams State University, MA in Counselor Education)


  • Buddy Boren, BA (Alaska, Anchorage): "On Virtue, Value, & Epistemic Normativity"; Supervisor: Dr. Patrick Rysiew, Co-Supervisor: Dr. Margaret Camerson
  • Alastair Crosby, BA (University of Victoria): "Social Intercourse & Social Epistemology from Thomas Reid's Point of View"; Supervisor: Dr. Patrick Rysiew (PhD at University of Western Ontario)
  • Melissa Hiebert: BA (Winnipeg): "Is Sufficientarianism Sufficient? Prospects for the Sufficiency Threshold"; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap
  • Jennifer Sommers: BA (University of Victoria): "Overeating, Obesity, and Weakness of the Will"; Supervisor: Dr. Cindy Holder
  • Theo Holland, BA (King's College, Dalhousie): "The Epistemology of Privilege"; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap (MA in Sociology at University of Victoria)
  • Daniel Pietrucha, BSc (Virginia): "Basic Income, Private Property & Reciprocity"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin MacLeod


  • Tracy de Boer, BA (U of Calgary): "Disability and Sexual Justice"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod (PhD at University of Western Ontario)
  • Carolyn Garland, BA Hons. (University of Manitoba): "Existence, Noneism, and the Varieties of Worlds"; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap and Dr. Mike Raven (PhD at Syracuse)
  • Evan Westre, BA (Vancouver Island University): "Reexamining the Problem of Demarcating Science and Pseudoscience"; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap and Dr. Jeff Foss
  • Michael Abhainn, BA (Trent - Philosophy), BDes (Ontario College of Art and Design - Design): "For What It's Worth: Artistic Evaluation and the Institutional Theory of Art"; Supervisor: Dr. James Young


  • Nathan E. Welle, BA (University of Victoria): "The Foundations of Aristotle's Functionalist Approach to Political Theory"; Supervisor: Dr. Josh Wilburn.
  • Mark Zolotar, BA Hons. (York): "Internal Accommodation in Moral Irrealism"; Supervisor: Dr. Scott Woodcock.
  • Jared St. Peter, BA (Toronto): "Can Torture Ever Be Justified for a Democracy?"; Dr. Cindy Holder.
  • Navarre diCarlo, BA (Thompson Rivers): "The Spirit of Empiricism? An Analysis of Empiricism as a Stance"; Dr. Jeff Foss.
  • Danielle Brown, BA Hons. (University of Victoria): "Free Will and the Self"; Dr. Patrick Rysiew.(PhD at University of Alberta)
  • Adrienne Canning, BA Hons. (Wilfrid Laurier): "The semantic approach as an anti-physicalist renewal of the explanatory gap problem in contemporary philosophy of mind"; Dr. Jeffrey Foss.
  • Soroush Moghaddam, BSc (UBC): "Confronting the Normativity Objection: W.V. Quine’s Engineering Model and Michael A. Bishop and J.D. Trout’s Strategic Reliabilism"; Dr. Patrick Rysiew.
  • Anthony Della Zazzera, BA Hons. (Ottawa): "Truth and Art: A Discussion Between Two Philosophical Traditions"; Supervisor: Dr. James Young.


  • Matthew Stacey, BA (Guelph): "Kant on Sex and Marriage:  What Kant Should Have Said"; Supervisor: Dr. Scott Woodcock.
  • Anthony Jannotta, BA (Bridgewater State College): "Intention and interpretation:   A Revised Moderate Actual Intentionalism"; Supervisor: Dr. James Young.
  • Kelly Henderson, BA Hons. (Concordia): "Relational Approaches to Animal Ethics and the Intuition of Differential Obligations"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod.
  • Matthew Riddett, BA Hons. (Alberta): " Cultivating Freedom: Education and the Right to Autonomy"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod.


  • Ryan Tonkin, BA Hons. (University of Victoria): "Public Reasons or Public Justification: Conceptualizing 'can' and the Elimination of Exclusion in Politics"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod (JD at Harvard Law School, PhD at University of Victoria)
  • Michael Robillard, BSc (US Military Academy): " Persons, War, and Structures:  A Case for Structural Responsibility as Applied to Warfare"; Supervisor: Dr. Cindy Holder (Research Fellow at the Uehiro Center for Practical Ethics, Faculty Fellow at University of Notre Dame)
  • Thomas Gemelli, BA (Vassar): " Aristotle’s Metaphysics of Living Bodies"; Supervisor: Dr. Margaret Cameron
  • Rene Negrich, BA Hons. (St. Mary's): "Philosophy of Art Forgeries: The Aesthetic Difference Between Originals and Copies"; Supervisor: Dr. James Young
  • Meaghan Shepherd, BA (San Francisco State): "Torture, Secrecy, and Democratic Values: Balancing Security and Publicity in Republican Democracy"; Supervisor: Dr. Cindy Holder.


  • Nikoo Najand, BA Hons. (Calgary): "Ectogenesis: The Ethical Implications of a New Reproductive Technology"; Supervisor: Dr. Eike Kluge
  • Takuto Shiota, BA (Toronto): "Rethinking Reconciliation: The Missing Link Between TRCs and the Constructive Participation of Perpetrators"; Supervisor: Dr. Cindy Holder
  • Mary Curry, BA Hons. (St. Francis Xavier): " Anti-foundationalism and Liberal Democracy: Richard Rorty and the Role of Religion in the Public Sphere"; Supervisor: Dr. Conrad Brunk
  • Andrew Moss, BA (UNB): "Transforming Contemporary Criminal Sentencing: Introducing a Composite-Aims Restorative Justice Model"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod
  • PJ Mueller, BComp, BA Hons. (Guelph): "Geometrical Conventionalism and the Theory of Relativity: Can We Know the True Geometry of Space?"; Supervisor: Dr. Audrey Yap


  • Ian David Fryer, BA Hons. (Concordia): "Non-Propositional Knowledge In Plato And Wittgenstein"; Supervisor: Dr. Jan Zwicky
  • Marcus Brewer Jardine, BA (PEI): "Deliberative Democracy: answering the Practical Challenges"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod
  • Rosemary Marilla Murphy, BA (St. Francis Xavier): "David B. Milne: An Artist's Epistemology"; Supervisor: Dr. Jan Zwicky


  • Mary Stewart Butterfield, BA (Alberta): "An Epistemological Framework for Inclusive Democratic Deliberation"; Supervisor: Dr. Cindy Holder
  • Curtis Joseph Forbes, BA (Alberta): "A New Argument for Scientific Realism"; Supervisor: Dr. Jeffrey Foss


  • Jay Alden Jerrett-Enns, BA (Winnipeg): "The Natural Language as a Language of Thought"; Supervisor: Dr. James O. Young
  • Michael Ken Jordan, BA (Calgary): "Care Relationships, Testimony, and the Argument from Religious Experience"; Co-Supervisors: Dr. Taneli Kukkonen, Dr. Murdith McLean
  • Nolan Sherwood Ritcey, BA (Dalhousie): "Narrative Identity and Non-Conscious Particulars"; Supervisor: Dr. Jan Zwicky


  • Andre Warren Heiti, BA (Toronto): "The Ethics of Simone Weil and Ludwig Wittgenstein"; Supervisor: Dr. Jan Zwicky
  • Krystal Dawn Kreye, BA (Alberta): "Practicing Freedom: On Foucault and Ethics"; Supervisor: Dr. James Tully
  • Jesse Manning McConnell, BA (Memorial): "Reconsidering Autonomy and Consensus in Habermas's Discourse Ethics"; Supervisor: Dr. James Tully
  • Stefano Edoardo Mingarelli, BA (Concordia): "The Positive dimensions of Negative Liberty"; Supervisor: Dr. James Tully
  • Kenna Jill Miskelly, BSc (Victoria): "Exploring Ethical Issues in Data Mining: The Role of Collective Privacy"; Co-Supervisors: Dr. Scott Woodcock, Dr. Marsha Hanen
  • Paul David Wilkinson Teel, BSc (Wheaton College): "Christian Theology and the Modern Science of Nature: A Critical Analysis of Michael Beresford Foster's Mind Articles"; Supervisor: Dr. David Scott


  • Robyn Katherine Lee, BA (King's College): "Sacrifice and Ethical Responsibility: Kierkegaard, Levinas and Derrida: Three Perspectives On Singularity And Its Conflicted Relationship to Universalism"; Supervisor: Dr. Taneli Kukkonen


  • Sherwin Gale Arnott, BA (Calgary): "Models, Method and Truth: How To Be An internalist With Realist Attitudes"; Supervisor: Dr. James O. Young
  • Mark Cameron Bell, BA Honours (UBC): "Animal Minds: The Empirical Foundations of The Interests Of Animals; Supervisor": Dr. Scott Woodcock
  • Lyle Owen Crawford, BA (Victoria): "Is What You See What You Get:? The 'Filling In' Debate And Its Implications For The Conception Of Mind"; Supervisor: Dr. Jeffrey E. Foss
  • Jane Elizabeth Letton, BA (Western): "The Role Of Emotion In Moral Decision-Making: A Comparison Of Christine Korsgaard's Kantian Position and Peter Railton's Neo-Humean Position"; Supervisor: Dr. Cindy L. Holder
  • Jeremy Petch, BA Honours (Victoria): "Responding To Patients Who Take Risks With their Health"; Supervisor: Dr. Conrad Brunk
  • Kimberley Dawn Tomasson, BA (Victoria): "Ethical Consistency, The Canada Health Act And Resource Allocation: Arguments For A Rights-Based Approach to Decision-Making"; Supervisor: Dr. Eike H. Kluge


  • Anthony Joseph Burgoyne, BA Honours (UBC): "David Chalmers' 'Hard Problem' Of Consciousness": A Critique; Supervisor: Dr. Jeffrey E. Foss
  • Simon Alexander Lambeth, BA (Newcastle): "The Structure Of The Duty Of Beneficence"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod
  • Christopher M. Maier, BA Honours (RMC): "The Liberal Rights And Citizen Soldiers: A Rawlsian Treatment Of The Rights Of Soldiers"; Supervisor: Dr. Colin Macleod

PhD Students


  • Paul David Wilkinson Teel, BSc (Wheaton College), MA (Victoria): "The Metaphysics of Dappledness: Charles S. Peirce and Nancy Cartwright on the Philosophy of Science"; Supervisor: Dr. David Scott


  • Peter Justin Kalef, BA (Victoria), MA (Leeds) (now at Vancouver Island University): "Answering Harman's Relativism"; Supervisor: Dr. Scott Woodcock