Colette M. Smart

Colette M.  Smart
Associate Professor

Ph.D. 2006 (Loyola University Chicago) joined Department in 2010

Office: COR A259

After 10+ years focusing my research and clinical work on cognitive aging - particularly the topic of subjective cognitive decline - I am transitioning out of this work to focus on my other line of research elucidating the biobehavioral bases of self-regulation in healthy and clinical populations. That is, how do we engage in moment-to-moment regulation of attention, emotion, and interoceptive awareness? Self-regulation is a critical skill in being able to adapt to an ever-changing - and frequently stressful - world in which we live. My interest in self-regulation came from my experiences as a clinician, observing that self-regulation is a transdiagnostic factor that underlies many different neurological and psychological disorders. Our current work is focusing on the role of self-regulation in trauma and resilience, and viewing trauma through a neuropsychological lens. Trauma can arise in many forms in the neuropsychological context: for example, single-incident PTSD associated with a car accident or complex PTSD through repeated medical procedures. We are particularly interested in evaluating how embodiment may promote self-regulation in the context of trauma and resilience, using practices such as mindfulness, yoga, and other forms of interoceptive exposure.  


  • Clinical neuropsychology
  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Affective neuroscience
  • Trauma and resilience
  • Interoception


Faces of UVic Research video

In this video, Colette discusses her research on self-regulation, cognitive rehabilitation and contemplative neuroscience.


Ali, J. I., Viczko, J., & Smart, C. M. (2019). Efficacy of neurofeedback interventions for cognitive rehabilitation following brain injury: systematic review and recommendations for future research. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, accepted for publication.

Jessen, F., Amariglio, R., Buckley, R. F., van der Flier, W. M., Han, Y., Molinuevo, J. L., ... Smart, C. M., Wolfsgruber, S., & Wagner, M., for the Subjective Cognitive Decline Initiative (SCD-I) (2019). The characterization of subjective cognitive decline. Lancet Neurology, accepted for publication.

​Ohlhauser, L. M., Smart, C. M., & Gawryluk, J. R. (2019). Tract-based spatial statistics reveal lower white matter integrity specific to idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder as a proxy for prodromal Parkinson’s disease​. Journal of Parkinson's Disease, in press.

Garcia-Barrera M.A., Agate F.T., Wong R.E., Smart C.M., Karr J.E. (2019). Executive Dysfunction After Traumatic Brain Injury. In: Ardila A., Fatima S., Rosselli M. (eds) Dysexecutive Syndromes. Springer.

Silveira, K., & Smart, C. M. (2019). Cognitive, physical, and psychological benefits of yoga for acquired brain injuries: A systematic review of recent findings. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation​,

Smart, C. M. (2019). Mindfulness and neurorehabilitation: From the monastery to the clinic. In C. Armstrong & L. Morrow (Eds.), Handbook of Medical Neuropsychology (2nd Ed.): Applications of Cognitive Neuroscience (in press).

Ohlhauser, L., Parker, A., Smart, C. M., & Gawryluk, J. R. for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (2018). White matter and its relationship with cognition in subjective cognitive decline. Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment, and Disease Monitoring​    

Mulligan, B. P., Smart, C. M., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2018). Neuropsychological and resting-state electroencephalographic markers of older adult neurocognitive adaptability. The Clinical Neuropsychologist,

Ali, J. I., Smart, C. M., & Gawryluk, J. R. (2018). Subjective cognitive decline and APOE ε4: A systematic review. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease65,303-320

Tuokko, H. A., & Smart, C. M. (2018) Neuropsychological evaluation of cognition. In J. P. Michel, B. L. Beattie, F. C. Martin, & J. D. Walston (Eds.), Oxford Textbook of Geriatric Medicine, 3rd Ed (pp. 963-970). New York: Oxford.

Tuokko, H. A., & Smart, C. M. (2018). The Neuropsychology of Cognitive Decline: A Developmental Approach to Assessment and Intervention. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Mulligan, B. P., Smart, C. M., Segalowitz, S. J., & MacDonald, S. W. S. (2018). Characteristics of healthy older adults that influence self-rated cognitive function. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 24, 57-66.

Smart, C. M., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2017). Respond, don't react: The influence of mindfulness training on performance monitoring in older adults. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 17, 1151-1163.

Cochrane, M. M., Smart, C. M., & Garcia-Barrera, M. A. (2017). Do generation and regulation of emotions interact? Examination of their relationships in young adults. Motivation and Emotion, 41, 393-401.

Smart, C. M., Karr, J. E., Areshenkoff, C. N., Rabin, L. A., Hudon, C., Gates, N., ... and the Subjective Cognitive Decline Initiative (SCD-I) Working Group. (2017). Non-pharmacologic interventions for older adults with subjective cognitive decline: Systematic review, meta-analysis, and preliminary recommendations. Neuropsychology Review, DOI: 10.1007/s11065-017-9342-8

Rabin, L. A., Smart, C. M., & Amariglio, R. E. (2017). Subjective cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer's disease. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, DOI: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045136

Molinuevo, J. L., Rabin, L. A., Amariglio, R., Buckley, R., Dubois, B., Ellis, K. A., Ewers, M., Hampel, H., Kloppel, S., Rami, L., Reisberg, B., Saykin, A. J., Sikkes, S., Smart, C. M., Snitz, B. E., Sperling, R., van der Flier, W., Wagner, M., & Jessen, F. for the Subjective Cognitive Decline Initiative (SCD-I) Working Group. (2017). Implementation of Subjective Cognitive Decline criteria in research studies. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 13, 296-311.

Mulligan, B. P., Smart, C. M., & Ali, J. I. (2016). Relationship between subjective and objective performance indicators in subjective cognitive decline. Psychology and Neuroscience, 9, 362-378.

Smart, C. M., Segalowitz, S. J., Mulligan, B. P., Koudys, J., & Gawryluk, J. R. (2016). Mindfulness training for older adults with subjective cognitive decline: Results from a pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 52, 757-774.

Smart, C. M., & Giacino, J. T. (2015). Exploring caregivers' knowledge of and receptivity toward novel diagnostic tests and treatments for persons with post-traumatic disorders of consciousness. Neurorehabilitation, 37, 117-30.

Rabin, L. A., Smart, C. M., Crane, P. K., Amariglio, R. E., Berman, L. M., Boada, M., ...and the Subjective Cognitive Decline Initiative (SCD-I) Working Group (2015). Subjective cognitive decline in older adults: An overview of self-report measures used across 19 international research studies. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 48 (Suppl. 1), S63-86.

Smart, C. M., & Krawitz, A. (2015). The impact of subjective cognitive decline on Iowa gambling task performance.  Neuropsychology, 29, 971-87.

Smart, C. M., Segalowitz, S. J., Mulligan, B. P., & MacDonald, S. W. S., & (2014). Attention capacity and self-report of subjective cognitive decline: A P300 ERP study. Biological Psychology, 103, 144-151.

Garcia-Barrera, M. A., Smart, C., & Mateer, C. (2014). Rehabilitación Neuropsicológica de las Funciones Ejecutivas [Neuropsychological Rehabilitation of Executive Functions]. In J. C. Arango-Lasprilla & A. L. Dotor-Llerena (Eds.), Rehabilitación Neuropsicológica [Neuropsychological Rehabilitation]. Mexico, D. C.: Trillas.

Tuokko, H. A., & Smart, C. M. (2014). Functional sequelae of cognitive decline in later life. In N. A. Pachana & K. Laidlaw (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology, DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199663170.013.043

Mateer, C., & Smart, C. M. (2013). Cognitive rehabilitation – innovation, application, and evidence. In S. Koffler, I. S. Barron, J. Morgan, & M. Greiffenstein (Eds.), Neuropsychology Science and Practice Volume 1 pp.  222-255. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Azulay, J., Smart, C. M., Mott, T., & Cicerone, K. D. (2012). A pilot study investigating the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on symptoms of chronic mild traumatic brain injury/post-concussive syndrome. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation (e-journal ahead of print).

Smart, C.M. (2009). Mindfulness meditation: A recent review of structural and functional neuroimaging correlates. The Journal of the New Jersey Neuroscience Institute, 4, 13-18.

Smart, C. M., Nelson, N. W., Sweet, J. J., Bryant, F. B., Berry, D. T. R. Granacher, R. P., & Heilbronner, R. L. (2008). Use of MMPI-2 to identify cognitive effort: A hierarchically optimal classification tree analysis. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14, 842-852.

Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Giacino, J., Schnakers, C., Kalmar, K., Smart, C. M., Bruno, M.-A., Gosseries, O., Brédart, S., & Laureys, S. (2008). Blink to visual threat does not herald consciousness in the vegetative state. Neurology, 71,  1374-1375..

Smart, C. M., Giacino, J. T., Cullen, T., Rodriguez Moreno, D., Hirsch, D., Schiff, N. D., & Gizzi, M. (2008). A case of locked-in syndrome complicated by central deafness. Nature: Clinical Practice Neurology, 4, 448-453.

Evans, S., Ferrando, S., Findler, M., Stowell, C., Smart, C. M., & Haglin, D. (2008) Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22, 716-721.

Giacino, J. T., & Smart, C. M. (2007). Recent advances in behavioral assessment of individuals with disorders of consciousness. Current Opinion in Neurology, 20, 614-619.