Colette M. Smart

Colette M.  Smart
Associate Professor.

On leave to June 30, 2022

Office: COR A259

Ph.D. 2006 (Loyola University Chicago) joined Department in 2010

Area of expertise

Clinical psychology

My training and expertise is in the areas of clinical neuropsychology, cognitive rehabilitation, and psychotherapy for persons with neurological and chronic medical illness. After 10+ years focusing my research and clinical work on cognitive aging, I am now focusing on my other line of research. This involves examining the role of self-regulation as a transdiagnostic factor across neurological and traumatic stress disorders, as well as interventions that focus on self-regulation. Current projects include:  

  1. The examination of how adverse childhood experience (ACEs) impact self-regulation in emerging adults, and how this, in turn, impacts cognitive, emotional, and academic functioning in the transition to university. At a time when self-regulation capacity is peaking, ACEs - and the capacity for resilience - may be particularly impactful. We are also interested in creating and evaluating interventions to enhance self-regulation in emerging adults. 
  2. Understanding the intersection of trauma and medical (particularly neurological) diagnoses. For example, how does medical post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) impact recovery from brain injury or stroke? What about the impact of ACEs on recovery and quality of life? How can trauma be effectively managed in this health context, focusing on the role of self and co-regulation (e.g., attachment-oriented interventions)? 
  3. Both neurological populations as well as trauma-exposed individuals can have difficulty harnessing their "top-down" cognitive abilities (e.g., executive functions, verbal abilities). As such, we are interested in investigating "bottom-up" approaches to self and co-regulation, such as interoception and embodied mindfulness, as well as other body-based and "whole brain" approaches such as yoga, conscious dance (moving mindfulness), and the expressive arts. ​

Outside of UVic, I maintain a small private practice where I specialize in treating individuals who are adapting to neurological/chronic medical illness, particularly those with co-occuring traumatic stress disorders. I provide cognitive rehabilitation and “neuropsychotherapy”, utilizing existential/humanistic, mindfulness, and attachment-based approaches within an overall trauma-informed framework. I am also a passionate and dedicated teacher and mentor, and in 2019 was the Winner of the UVic Social Sciences Teaching Excellence Award. I am particularly enjoy mentoring "first generation" students (i.e., those who were the first in their family to attend higher education).


  • Clinical neuropsychology
  • Cognitive rehabilitation
  • Emotion and self-regulation
  • Trauma and resilience
  • Interoception and embodied mindfulness

Faces of UVic Research video

In this video, Colette discusses her research on self-regulation, cognitive rehabilitation and contemplative neuroscience.


Smart, C. M., Ali, J. I., Viczko, J. & Silveira, K. (2021). Systematic review of the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions as a form of neuropsychological rehabilitation. Mindfulness (accepted for publication).

Smart, C. M. (2021). Wisdom Mind: A Mindfulness Training Program Tailored to Cognitively Healthy Older Adults and Those With Subjective Cognitive Decline. Oxford University Press: Treatments That Work Series.

Silveira, K., Garcia-Barrera, M. A., & Smart, C. M. (2020). Neuropsychological impact of trauma-related mental illnesses: A systematic review of clinically meaningful results. Neuropsychological Review, accepted for publication.

Qualls, L. K., & Smart, C. M. (2020). The clinical relevance of interoception for mental health professionals. BC Psychologist, 9, 6-9.

Mulligan, B. P., Segalowitz, S. J., Hofer, S. M., & Smart, C. M. (2020). A multi-timescale, multi-method perspective on older adult neurocognitive adaptability. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, e-pub ahead of print. doi: 10.1080/13854046.2020.1723706

Ali, J. I., Viczko, J., & Smart, C. M. (2020). Efficacy of neurofeedback interventions for cognitive rehabilitation following brain injury: systematic review and recommendations for future research. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 26, 31-46.

Jessen, F., Amariglio, R., Buckley, R. F., van der Flier, W. M., Han, Y., Molinuevo, J. L., ... Smart, C. M., Wolfsgruber, S., & Wagner, M., for the Subjective Cognitive Decline Initiative (SCD-I) (2020). The characterization of subjective cognitive decline. Lancet Neurology, 19, 271-278.

​Ohlhauser, L. M., Smart, C. M., & Gawryluk, J. R. (2019). Tract-based spatial statistics reveal lower white matter integrity specific to idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder as a proxy for prodromal Parkinson’s disease​. Journal of Parkinson's Disease, 9, 723-731.

Garcia-Barrera M.A., Agate F.T., Wong R.E., Smart C.M., Karr J.E. (2019). Executive Dysfunction After Traumatic Brain Injury. In: Ardila A., Fatima S., Rosselli M. (eds) Dysexecutive Syndromes. Springer.

Silveira, K., & Smart, C. M. (2019). Cognitive, physical, and psychological benefits of yoga for acquired brain injuries: A systematic review of recent findings. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation​,

Smart, C. M. (2019). Mindfulness and neurorehabilitation: From the monastery to the clinic. In C. Armstrong & L. Morrow (Eds.), Handbook of Medical Neuropsychology (2nd Ed.): Applications of Cognitive Neuroscience (pp. 749-788). New York, NY: Springer.

Ohlhauser, L., Parker, A., Smart, C. M., & Gawryluk, J. R. for the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (2018). White matter and its relationship with cognition in subjective cognitive decline. Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment, and Disease Monitoring​    

Mulligan, B. P., Smart, C. M., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2018). Neuropsychological and resting-state electroencephalographic markers of older adult neurocognitive adaptability. The Clinical Neuropsychologist,

Ali, J. I., Smart, C. M., & Gawryluk, J. R. (2018). Subjective cognitive decline and APOE ε4: A systematic review. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease65,303-320

Tuokko, H. A., & Smart, C. M. (2018) Neuropsychological evaluation of cognition. In J. P. Michel, B. L. Beattie, F. C. Martin, & J. D. Walston (Eds.), Oxford Textbook of Geriatric Medicine, 3rd Ed (pp. 963-970). New York: Oxford.

Tuokko, H. A., & Smart, C. M. (2018). The Neuropsychology of Cognitive Decline: A Developmental Approach to Assessment and Intervention. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Mulligan, B. P., Smart, C. M., Segalowitz, S. J., & MacDonald, S. W. S. (2018). Characteristics of healthy older adults that influence self-rated cognitive function. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 24, 57-66.

Smart, C. M., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2017). Respond, don't react: The influence of mindfulness training on performance monitoring in older adults. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 17, 1151-1163.

Cochrane, M. M., Smart, C. M., & Garcia-Barrera, M. A. (2017). Do generation and regulation of emotions interact? Examination of their relationships in young adults. Motivation and Emotion, 41, 393-401.

Smart, C. M., Karr, J. E., Areshenkoff, C. N., Rabin, L. A., Hudon, C., Gates, N., ... and the Subjective Cognitive Decline Initiative (SCD-I) Working Group. (2017). Non-pharmacologic interventions for older adults with subjective cognitive decline: Systematic review, meta-analysis, and preliminary recommendations. Neuropsychology Review, DOI: 10.1007/s11065-017-9342-8

Rabin, L. A., Smart, C. M., & Amariglio, R. E. (2017). Subjective cognitive decline in preclinical Alzheimer's disease. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, DOI: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-032816-045136

Molinuevo, J. L., Rabin, L. A., Amariglio, R., Buckley, R., Dubois, B., Ellis, K. A., Ewers, M., Hampel, H., Kloppel, S., Rami, L., Reisberg, B., Saykin, A. J., Sikkes, S., Smart, C. M., Snitz, B. E., Sperling, R., van der Flier, W., Wagner, M., & Jessen, F. for the Subjective Cognitive Decline Initiative (SCD-I) Working Group. (2017). Implementation of Subjective Cognitive Decline criteria in research studies. Alzheimer's & Dementia, 13, 296-311.

Mulligan, B. P., Smart, C. M., & Ali, J. I. (2016). Relationship between subjective and objective performance indicators in subjective cognitive decline. Psychology and Neuroscience, 9, 362-378.

Smart, C. M., Segalowitz, S. J., Mulligan, B. P., Koudys, J., & Gawryluk, J. R. (2016). Mindfulness training for older adults with subjective cognitive decline: Results from a pilot randomized controlled trial. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 52, 757-774.

Smart, C. M., & Giacino, J. T. (2015). Exploring caregivers' knowledge of and receptivity toward novel diagnostic tests and treatments for persons with post-traumatic disorders of consciousness. Neurorehabilitation, 37, 117-30.

Rabin, L. A., Smart, C. M., Crane, P. K., Amariglio, R. E., Berman, L. M., Boada, M., ...and the Subjective Cognitive Decline Initiative (SCD-I) Working Group (2015). Subjective cognitive decline in older adults: An overview of self-report measures used across 19 international research studies. Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, 48 (Suppl. 1), S63-86.

Smart, C. M., & Krawitz, A. (2015). The impact of subjective cognitive decline on Iowa gambling task performance.  Neuropsychology, 29, 971-87.

Smart, C. M., Segalowitz, S. J., Mulligan, B. P., & MacDonald, S. W. S., & (2014). Attention capacity and self-report of subjective cognitive decline: A P300 ERP study. Biological Psychology, 103, 144-151.

Garcia-Barrera, M. A., Smart, C., & Mateer, C. (2014). Rehabilitación Neuropsicológica de las Funciones Ejecutivas [Neuropsychological Rehabilitation of Executive Functions]. In J. C. Arango-Lasprilla & A. L. Dotor-Llerena (Eds.), Rehabilitación Neuropsicológica [Neuropsychological Rehabilitation]. Mexico, D. C.: Trillas.

Tuokko, H. A., & Smart, C. M. (2014). Functional sequelae of cognitive decline in later life. In N. A. Pachana & K. Laidlaw (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Clinical Geropsychology, DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199663170.013.043

Mateer, C., & Smart, C. M. (2013). Cognitive rehabilitation – innovation, application, and evidence. In S. Koffler, I. S. Barron, J. Morgan, & M. Greiffenstein (Eds.), Neuropsychology Science and Practice Volume 1 pp.  222-255. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Azulay, J., Smart, C. M., Mott, T., & Cicerone, K. D. (2012). A pilot study investigating the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on symptoms of chronic mild traumatic brain injury/post-concussive syndrome. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation (e-journal ahead of print).

Smart, C.M. (2009). Mindfulness meditation: A recent review of structural and functional neuroimaging correlates. The Journal of the New Jersey Neuroscience Institute, 4, 13-18.

Smart, C. M., Nelson, N. W., Sweet, J. J., Bryant, F. B., Berry, D. T. R. Granacher, R. P., & Heilbronner, R. L. (2008). Use of MMPI-2 to identify cognitive effort: A hierarchically optimal classification tree analysis. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 14, 842-852.

Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Giacino, J., Schnakers, C., Kalmar, K., Smart, C. M., Bruno, M.-A., Gosseries, O., Brédart, S., & Laureys, S. (2008). Blink to visual threat does not herald consciousness in the vegetative state. Neurology, 71,  1374-1375..

Smart, C. M., Giacino, J. T., Cullen, T., Rodriguez Moreno, D., Hirsch, D., Schiff, N. D., & Gizzi, M. (2008). A case of locked-in syndrome complicated by central deafness. Nature: Clinical Practice Neurology, 4, 448-453.

Evans, S., Ferrando, S., Findler, M., Stowell, C., Smart, C. M., & Haglin, D. (2008) Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 22, 716-721.

Giacino, J. T., & Smart, C. M. (2007). Recent advances in behavioral assessment of individuals with disorders of consciousness. Current Opinion in Neurology, 20, 614-619.