Publications and presentations

This section is for publications and presentations produced by, or related to, the ELPH project, and selected publications by ELPH co-investigators. Please check back often, as we'll be adding more content as it's created. 

Kent, A., Loppie, C., Carriere, J., MacDonald, M., Pauly, B. (2017). Xpey’ relational environments: An analytic framework for conceptualizing Indigenous health equity. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada. 37(12): 237-280.

Pauly, B., Shahram, S., Dang, P., Marcellus, L., MacDonald, M. (2017). Health equity talk: Understandings of health equity among health leaders. AIMS Public Health. 4(5): 490-512
Pauly, B., MacDonald, M., Hancock, T., O'Briain, W., Martin, W., Allan, D., Riishede, J., Dang, P., Shahram, S., Strosher, H., & Bersenev, S. on behalf of the ELPH Research Team (2016). Health equity tools 2.0. Victoria, BC: University of Victoria. 

Pauly, B., MacDonald, M., O'Briain, W., Hancock, T., Perkin, K., Martin, W., Zeisser, C., Lowen, C., Wallace, B., Beveridge, R.,Cusack, E., & Riishede, J. on behalf of the ELPH Research Team (2013). Health equity tools. Victoria, BC: University of Victoria.

Pauly, B., MacDonald, M., Hancock, T., Martin, W., & Perkin, K. (2013). Reducing health inequities: the contribution of core public health services in BC. BMC Public Health, 13:550. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-550

PHSSR 2016 Improving Health Equity Webinar: Developing Public Health Policy Research Frameworks with Concept Mapping
July 6, 2016, Presented by Marjorie MacDonald and Bernie Pauly

Pathways to Health Equity 2016: Got Your Health Equity Glasses?: Getting Clarity on Health Equity Tools
June 1, 2016, Poster presented by Tina Revai

Pathways to Health Equity 2016: From Talk to Action: Implementing a Poplulation Health Intervention to Reduce Health Inequities in BC
May 31, 2016, Presented by Tina Revai

Pathways to Health Equity 2016: Ethical Issues of Public Health Practitioners in Promoting Health Equity
May 31, 2016, Presented by Tina Revai

Sparking Solutions Summit: From Talk to Action: Implementing a Population Health Intervention to Reduce Health Inequities in BC
April 26, 2016, Presented by Bernie Pauly

Nursing Practice with People Who Use Drugs: Fostering Culturally Safe Spaces
October 23, 2015, Presented by Bernie Pauly and Jane McCall

Removing Barriers to Higher Education to Promote Health Equity Among Indigenous Canadians
October 22, 2015, Presented by Alex Kent

CPHA 2015: Xpey’ Relational Environments: A Tree Model for Understanding Indigenous Health Equity
May 26, 2015, Presented by Alex Kent

CPHA 2015: Health equity assessment of STI clinical nursing guideline
May 26, 2015, Presented by Cheryl Prescott

CPHA 2015: Intersectoral Collaboration in Public Health
May 25, 2015, Presented by Bernie Pauly

PHSSR Keeneland 2015: Using complexity science to improve public health systems and services in Canada
April 22, 2015, Presented by Marjorie MacDonald and Bernie Pauly

PHSSR Keeneland 2015: Is health equity a priority? Perceptions from health system decision makers and practitioners in British Columbia
April 21, 2015, Presented by Phuc Dang

PHABC 2014: Xpey’ Relational Environments: A Tree Model for Understanding Indigenous Health Equity
December 4, 2014, Presented by Alex Kent

Annual National Gathering of Graduate Students in Aboriginal Health Research 2014 Health Equity in First Nations Health Governance
July 13, 2014, Presented by Alex Kent

CPHA 2014 Study One: Is Health Equity a Priority?
May 28th, 2014, Presented by Corrine Lowen

CPHA 2014 ELPH Concept Mapping
May 27th, 2014, Presented by Kathleen Perkin

Northern Research Days & Conference of the Canadian Rural Health Research Society
November 15, 2013, Presented by Wanda Martin

PHABC 2013 Social Network Analysis Workshop
November 5th, 2013, Presented by Kathleen Perkin and Marjorie MacDonald

PHABC 2013 Study One Preliminary Document Analysis
November 5th, 2013, Presented by Bernie Pauly and Corrine Lowen

PHABC 2012 powerpoint slides
November 22nd, 2012, Presented by Bernie Pauly and Kathleen Perkin

Powerpoint slides from the team meeting in Vancouver
October 17th, 2012, multiple presenters

Canadian Public Health Association - An equity lens, equity frameworks and a proliferation of equity tools
June 11th, 2012, Presented by Simon Carroll

CIHR Population and Public Health Researcher-Practitioner Workshop: Bridging the Gap Researcher Panel
January 24th, 2012, Presented by Marjorie MacDonald

This is a selected list of publications by our academic co-investigators.

Martin W., Wharf Higgins J., Pauly B., & MacDonald M. (2017). "Layers of translation": Evidence literacy and public health, a secondary analysisBMC Public Health, 17, 803. 

Guyon, A., Hancock, T., Kirk, M., MacDonald, M., Neudorf, C., Sutcliffe, P., Talbot, J., Watson-Creed, G., & Cleary, E. (2017). The weakening of public health: A threat to population health and health care sustainabilityCanadian Journal of Public Health, 108(1), e1-e6. 

Pauly, B., Wallace, B., & Barber, K. (2017). Turning a blind eye: Implementation of harm reduction in a transitional shelter settingDrugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, 23-06-17, 1-10.

MacDonald, M., Pauly, B., Wong, G., Schick-Makaroff, K., van Roode, T., Wilson Strosher, H., Kothari, A., Valaitis, R., Manson, H., Carroll, S., Tong, S., Lee, V., Dickenson-Smith, K., & Ward, M. (2016). Supporting successful implementation of public health interventions: Protocol for a realist synthesis. Systematic Reviews, 5, 54-64. doi: 10.1186/s13643-016-0229-1. 

Martin, W., Pauly, B., & MacDonald, M. (2016). Situational analysis for complex systems: Methodological development in public health research. AIMS Public Health, 3(1), 94-109. doi: 10.3934/publichealth.2016.1.94

Kothari, A., McPherson, C., Gore, D., Cohen, B., MacDonald, M., & Sibbald, S. (2016). A multiple case study of intersectoral public health networks: Experiences and benefits of using research. Health Research Policy and Systems, 14, 11. 

MacDonald, M. (2015). Introduction to public health ethics: Frameworks for public health ethics. Montréal, Québec: National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy. /55/Ethics.ccnpps

Pauly, B., McCall, J., Browne, A., Parker, J. & Mollison, A. (2015).  Toward cultural safety: Nurse and patient perceptions of illicit substance use in a hospitalized setting. Advances in Nursing Science, 38(2), 121-135. doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000070. Selected as Editor’s Pick.

Wallace, B., Pauly, B., Perkin, K. & Ranfft, M. (2015). Shifting the evaluative gaze: Community based program evaluation in the homelessness sector. Gateways: International Journal of Community Research and Engagement, 8(1).

MacDonald, M. (2015). Introduction to public health ethics: Theoretical and philosophical perspectives. Montréal, Québec: National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy.

Betker, C.*, MacDonald, M., Hill, M.*, & Kirk, M.* (2015). Community health nursing theories. In Stamler, L. & Liu, L. (Eds.) Community health nursing: A Canadian Perspective. Don Mills ON: Pearson Education Canada.

MacDonald, M. (2013). Ethics of public health. In Storch, J., Starzomski, R., & Rodney, P. (Eds.). Toward a moral horizon: Nursing ethics for leadership and practice. (pp. 398-429). Don Mills ON: Pearson Education Canada.

Regan, S., MacDonald, M., Allan, D., Martin, C., Peroff Johnson, N. (2014). Public health human resources: A comparative analysis of policy documents in two Canadian provinces. Human Resources for Health. 12:13 Available at:

Wallace, B., MacEntee, M. I., & Pauly, B. (2014). Community dental clinics in British Columbia, Canada: Examining the potential as health equity interventions. Health & Social Care in the Community, 23(4), 371-379. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12151

Pauly, B. (2014). Close to the street: Nursing care for people marginalized by homelessness and substance use. In M. Younger, S. Hwang (Eds), Homelessness and Health in Canada. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press.

Benoit, C., Stengel, C., Marcellus, L., Hallgrimsdottir, H., Anderson, J., MacKinnon, K., et al. (2014). Provider's constructions of pregnant and early parenting women who use substances. Sociology of Health & Illness, 36(2), 252-263. doi: 10.1111/1467-9566.12106.

MacDonald, M. (2014). Introduction to public health ethics: Background. Montréal, Québec: National Collaborating Centre for Healthy Public Policy. Available at:

Pauly, B. (2014). The multiple and intersecting stigmas of homelessness. In W. C. Cockerham, R. Dingwall, & S. R. Quah (Eds.), The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Health, Illness, Behavior, and Society.

Pauly, B., Wallace, B., & Perkin, K. (2014). Approaches to evaluation of homelessness interventions. Housing, Care and Support, 17(4), 177-187. Selected as Outstanding Paper of 2014 by the journal.

Belle-Isle, L.**, Benoit, C., & Pauly, B. (2014). Addressing health inequities through social inclusion: The role of community organizations. Action Research Journal, 12(2), 177-193. Published online March 24, 2014. doi: 10.1177/1476750314527324

Pauly, B., MacDonald, M., Hancock, T., Martin, W*., & Perkin, K. (2013). Reducing health inequities: The contribution of core public health services in BC. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 550. Available at:

Pauly, B., Belle-Isle, L., Reist, D., & Schactman, C. (2013). Housing and harm reduction: What is the role of harm reduction in addressing homelessness? International Journal of Drug Policy, 25(4), 284-290. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2013.03.008

Tomm Bonde,* L., Schreiber, R., Allan, D., MacDonald, M., Pauly, B. & Hancock, T. on behalf of the Renewal of Public Health Systems Research Team. (2013). Fading Vision: Knowledge translation in the implementation of a public health policy intervention. Implementation Science 8, 59.  (highly accessed article). Available at:

George, A., Hardy, C., & Clark, E. (2013). Perceptions of needs regarding FASD across the province of British Colombia, Canada. Circumpolar Health Supplements, 72, 91. 

George, A. (2013). Healthy families - Introduction. Circumpolar Health Supplements, 72, 531. 

George, A., McCormick, R., Lalonde, C., Jin, A., & Brussoni, M. (2013). The RISC research project: Injury in First Nations communities in British Colombia, Canada. Circumpolar Health Supplements, 72, 441.

Norman, T. & Pauly, B. (2013). Including people who experience homelessness: A scoping review of the literature. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 33(3/4), 1-1.

Collins, P., & Hayes, M. (2013). Examining the capacities of municipal governments to reduce health inequities: A survey of municipal actors' perceptions in Metro Vancouver. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 104(4), e304-310.

Kothari, A., Gore, D.*, MacDonald, M., Bursey, G., Allan, D. & Scarr, J. (2013). Chronic disease prevention policy in British Columbia and Ontario in light of public health renewal: a comparative policy analysis. BMC Public Health 13, 934. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-934. Available at:

Ostry, A. & Morrison, K. (2013). A method for estimating the extent of regional food self-suffiency and dietary III health in the province of British Columbia. Sustainability, 5(11), 4949-4960. doi: 10.3390/su5114949.

Seed, B., Lang, T. & Caraher, M. & Ostry, A. (2013). Integrating food security into public health and provincial government departments in British Colombia, Canada. Agriculture and Human Values, 30(3), 457-470. doi: 10.1007/s10460-013-9426-x.

Maggi, S., Ostry, A., Robets, W., D'Angiulli, A. & Hertzman, C. (2013). Paternal work stress and the mental health of fathers and children: A role for urban and rural migration patterns. Canadian Journal of Community of Mental Health, 32(1), 59-78. doi: 10.7870/cjcmh-2013-006.

Cross, B.* & MacDonald, M. (2013). Developing a relationship with the computer in nursing practice: A grounded theory. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research 45(1), 114-137.

Scott, J., & Wharf Higgins, J. (2012). Upstream social marketing: Exploring the experiences of recreation professionals in delivering physical activity to low-income citizens. Social Marketing Quarterly, 18(2), 112-123. doi: 10.1177/1524500412450488.

Bell, N., & Hayes, M. (2012). The Vancouver Area Neighbourhood Deprivation Index (VANDIX): A census-based tool for assessing small-area variations in health status. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 103(2), S28-S32A.

McCall, J., & Pauly, B. (2012). Providing a safe place: Adopting a cultural safety perspective in the care of Aboriginal women living with HIV/AIDS. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 44(2), 130-145.

Austen, T., & Pauly, B. (2012). Homelessness outcome reporting normative framework: Systems- level evaluation of progress in ending homelessness. Evaluation Review, 36(3), 3-23. doi:10.1177/0193841X12439704

Hancock, T. (2011). The Ottawa Charter at 25. Canadian Journal Of Public Health = Revue Canadienne De Santé Publique, 102(6), 404-406. 

Hancock, T. (2011). It’s the environment, stupid! Declining ecosystem is THE threat to health in the 21st century. Health Promotion International, 26(S2), ii168-ii172.

Hancock, T. (2011). Health promotion of Canada: 25 years of unfufilled promise. Health Promotion International, 26(S2), ii263-ii267. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dar061.

Friel, S., Hancock T., Kjellstrom, T., McGranahan, G., Monge, P., & Roy, J. (2011). Urban health inequities and the added pressure of climate change: An action-oriented research agenda. Journal of Urban Health, 88(5), 886-895. doi: 10.1007/s11524-011-9607-0.

Smit, W., Hancock, T., Kumaresen, J., Santos-Burgoa, C., Sanchez-Kobashi Meneses, R., & Friel, S. (2011). Toward a research and action agenda on urban planning/design and health equity in cities in low and middle-income countries. Journal of Urban Health, 88(5), 875-885. doi: 10.1007/s11524-011-9605-2.

Barten, F., Akerman, M., Becker, D., Friel, S., Hancock, T., Mwatsama, M., et al. (2011). Rights, knowledge and governance for improved health equity in urban settings. Journal of Urban Health, 88(5), 896-905. doi: 10.1007/s11524-011-9608-z.

Friel, S., Akerman, M., Hancock, T., Kumaresan, J., Marmot, M., Nelin, T., et al. (2011). Addressing the social and environmental determinants of urban health equity: Evidence for action and a research agenda. Journal of Urban Health, 88(5), 860-874, doi: 10.1007/s11524-011-9606-1.

MacNeil, J., & Pauly, B. (2011). Needle exchange as a safe haven in an unsafe world. Drug and Alcohol Review, 30(1), 26-32. doi:10.1111/j.1465-3362.2010.00188x

Shandro, J., Koehoorn, M., Scoble, M., Ostry, A., Gibson, N. & Veiga, M. (2011). Mental health, cardiovascular disease and declining economies in British Colombia mining communities. Minerals, 1(1), 30-48. doi: 10.3390/min1010030.

MacNeil, J., & Pauly, B. (2010). Impact: A case study examining the closure of a large urban fixed site needle exchange in Canada. Harm Reduction Journal, 7(11). doi:10.1186/1477-7517-7-11 

Marcellus, L. (2010). Supporting resilience in foster families: A model for program design that supports recruitment, retention, and satisfaction of foster families who care for infants with prenatal substance exposure. Child Welfare, 89(1), 7-29.

Ostry, A. (2010). Food for thought: the issues and challenges of food security. Provinical Health Services Authority, 1-62.

Ostry, A., Maggi, S., Hershler, R., Chen, L. & Hertzman, C. (2010). Mental health differences among middle-aged sawmill workers in rural compared to urban British Colombia. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 42(3), 84-100. 

Maggi, S., Ostry, A., Callaghan, K., Hershler, R., Chen, L., D'Angiulli, A. & Hertzman, C. (2010). Rural-urban migration patterns and mental health diagnoses of adolescents and young adults in British Colombia, Canada: A case-control study. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 4(13). doi: 10.1186/1753-2000-4-13.

Bocskei, E. & Ostry, A. (2010). Charitable food programs in victoria, BC. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research, 71(1), 46-8.

Lightfoot, B., Panessa, C., Hayden, S., Thumath, M., Goldstone, I., & Pauly, B. (2009). Gaining Insite: Harm reduction in nursing practice. Canadian Nurse, 105(4), 16-22.

Drummond, J., Wharf Higgins, J. & Hubert, E. (2009). The healthy ecosystems, healthy people project: Using social marketing to promote enviromentally active living. International Review on Public and Nonprofit Marketing, 6(2), 167-180. doi: 10.1007/s12208-009-0033-x.

Coble, J., Rhodes, R., & Wharf Higgins, J. (2009). Physical activity behaviors and motivations in an adult First Nation population: A pilot study. Ethnicity & Disease, 19(1), 42-48. Retrieved from