Graduate Research Forum

October 05, 2017
03:00 PM - 04:30 PM
Sedgewick C168

Graduate Research Forum
a quarterly CAPI forum featuring graduate research on Asia

Thursday 5 October 2017
3:00 - 4:30pm
Sedgewick C168

PRESENTER: Ngozi S. Nwoko, PhD student, Faculty of Law
COMMENTATOR: Can Zhao, PhD student, Department of Political Science

Chinese & Western Oil Companies in Nigeria:
Home State Factors and the Anti-Corruption Imperative
Since 2004, Chinese national oil companies (“NOCs”) have been making considerable inroad into the Nigerian oil industry. The Chinese NOCs appear to be displacing the hegemony of Western transnational oil companies (“TNOCs”) in Nigeria in a way that could be seen as a global power play. Using the lens of anti-corruption and corporate social responsibility, my paper will examine this complex national, international, and transnational crude oil politics and competition. It will try to understand how the crude oil politics and competition tend to breed corruption and engender environmental degradation and human rights violations. My paper will test the validity of the assertion that in view of China’s corruption perception index, the entry of the Chinese NOCs into the Nigerian oil industry is a bad omen.

Ngozi S. Nwoko is a PhD student in Law & Society at the University of Victoria. A Queen Elizabeth Scholar, his research focuses on the Chinese national oil companies and Western oil companies operating in Nigeria. Ngozi obtained his Master’s degree from Osgoode Hall Law Schoo and holds a Bachelor of Laws degree from Abia State University, Nigeria. A member of the Nigerian Bar, he worked as a Compliance & Legal Officer in ExxonMobil Nigeria - where he practiced oil, gas, and tax laws, respectively.

PRESENTER: Thanh Phan, PhD candidate, Faculty of Law
COMMENTATOR: Taiwo Afolabi, PhD Candidate, Theatre Department

Competition Law & the Possibility of Private Transnational Governance
Under economic globalisation, anti-competitive acts transcend national borders and become a challenge for competition law as traditionally conceived. Due to the limits of statist mechanisms to deal with global competition problems, this dissertation adopts a perspective from transnational legal theory and analyses as to whether multi-national
corporations (MNCs) can serve as transnational rule generators. The traditional approach of corporate governance views corporations as vehicles for maximising shareholder value. According to a stakeholder value approach, however, MNCs are responsible towards people and the societies in which the company operates. This dissertation argues that when an MNC internalises competition laws of countries as standards of its behaviours, the MNC may provide a mechanism to exercise those national laws at transnational level by its private power.

Thanh Phan worked for the Vietnam Competition Agency (VCA) as an expert in competition law enforcement after the Ministry of Justice of Vietnam. At the VCA, Thanh oversaw M&A in Vietnam, focusing on cases involving transnational mergers, and investigated antitrust cases. Thanh was educated at Hanoi Law University and Nagoya University and is currently a PhD candidate at Law Faculty, University of Victoria, where he is researching the enforcement of competition law from national, international and transnational legal perspectives.

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