Section 4: Geographic locations
Spell out the names of provinces, territories, countries and states in running text, with the exception of BC, NWT and PEI (please see below).
BC, NWT and PEI are acceptable in running text for second and subsequent references to British Columbia, the Northwest Territories and Prince Edward Island.
Abbreviations may be used in lists and tables. When doing so, format abbreviations of provinces and territories according to Canada Post standards.
AB, BC, MB, NB, NL, NS, NT, NU, ON, PE, QC, SK, YT
Capitalize regions but not their derivatives. Use lower case to indicate mere direction or position.
the West (region of Canada), Western Canada
West Coast, the coast
Vancouver Island, the island
Only two municipalities in Canada have two official forms of their names, one in French and one in English: Grand Falls and Caissie Cape (Grand-Sault and Cape-de-Caissie) in New Brunswick
All other municipalities have one authorized form. Montréal and Québec (City) retain their accents in English.
For a list of official geographic names in Canada, please refer to http://geonames.nrcan.gc.ca/index_e.php.
Please refer to the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade website for a complete listing of countries and their accepted spellings.