The "Oka Crisis": A Digital Atlas of the 1990 Events at KanehsatĂ :ke

View this map in full-screen mode.

About

The “Oka Crisis” Digital Atlas is an educational tool that guides you and your students through six chapters of the 1990 Kanien’kehà:ka resistance and uprising at Kanehsatà:ke, also known as the “Oka Crisis.” The digital, interactive map locates the uprising’s events, and associated stories, photos, and videos, within the geography of the land, inextricable from the heart of the conflict. The atlas targets upper-level high school students (grades 11 and 12) and was created in 2015 by undergraduate student and JCURA scholar Aviva Lessard. 

Lesson Plans:

Background

Between July 11 and September 26, 1990, the Kanien’kehà:ka resistance movement culminated to a months-long barricade, protest, and armed uprising at Kanehsatà:ke. Most Canadians know these highly publicized events as the “Oka Crisis.” The “crisis” was rooted in over 290 years of struggle with the colonial state over sacred land near the francophone town of Oka. The uprising was triggered by the town of Oka’s plans for a golf course expansion and condominium development on lands considered by the Kanien’kehà:ka as sacred and stolen by the colonial state. The impact of the highly publicized events at Kanehsatà:ke resonated across Canada and became a driving force behind policy change and Indigenous visibility.

Objective

The objective of the "Oka Crisis" digital atlas is to provide teachers and students with a user-friendly, interactive resource to supplement their current curriculum and counter the collective "forgetting" and unfounded stereotypes and narratives that surround the Kanien’kehà:ka resistance and uprising. The digital atlas draws from published sources and interview data and uses Google's MyMaps to locate the events, stories and voices of the resistance in place.

How to Use this Map

Use the legend to navigate between layers and sites.

map_legend_howto_oka

Or zoom in (double-click anywhere on the map) to see placemarks more closely; click on a placemark for more information.

map_zoomin_howto_twohouses

Go into full-screen mode to for larger viewing area.

map_fullscreen_howto_oka

Resources

Scholarly:

Gabriel-Doxtater, B. K., & Kawanatatie, V. D. (1995). At the woods' edge: An anthology of the history of the people of Kanehsatà:ke. Kanesatake, Québec: Kanesatake Education Center.

MacLaine, C., Baxendale, M. S., & Galbraith, R. (1990). This land is our land: The Mohawk revolt at Oka. Montréal: Optimum.

McCall, S. (2011). First person plural: Aboriginal storytelling and the ethics of collaborative authorship. Vancouver: UBC Press. Swain, H. (2010). Oka: A Political Crisis and its legacy. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre.

Media:

Bonspille-Boileau, S. (Director). (2015). The Oka Legacy [Motion picture]. Canada: Rezolution Pictures.

Obomsawin, A. (Director). (1993) 270 years of resistance [Motion picture]. Canada: National Film Board of Canada.

Obomsawin, A. (Director). (2000). Rocks at Whiskey Trench [Motion picture]. Canada: National Film Board of Canada.

Popular:

HAUDENOSAUNEE - MOHAWK - ONEIDA - ONONDAGA - CAYUGA - SENECA - TUSCARORA- Kahnawake Branch Of The Mohawk Nation Six Nation Iroquois Confederacy. (n.d.). Retrieved March 31, 2015, from http://www.kahnawakelonghouse.com/index.php?mid=7

The Oka Legacy: Oka Timeline: An Unresolved Land Claim Hundreds of Years in the Making - Firsthand - CBC-TV. (2015, November 19). Retrieved February 22, 2016, from http://www.cbc.ca/firsthand/features/oka-timeline-an-unresolved-land-claim-hundreds-of-years-in-the-making

Pindera, L., & Jardin, L. (2015). Oka Crisis: 78 days of civil unrest Multimedia. Retrieved February 12, 2016, from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/multimedia/oka-crisis-78-days-of-civil-unrest-1.3135880

The Story. (n.d.). Retrieved February 28, 2016, from http://www.idlenomore.ca/story

Zig Zag. (2014, June 11). Oka Crisis, 1990. Retrieved February 29, 2016, from https://warriorpublications.wordpress.com/2014/06/11/oka-crisis-1990/