Human Research Ethics
The Human Research Ethics Board (HREB) ensures that UVic research and research occurring in academic courses involving human participants or human biological materials meets the ethical standards required by Canadian universities and national regulatory bodies.
The research ethics staff can provide research ethics advice, education, and up-to-date regulatory information. We make presentations to classes and offer individual and project-specific guidance to you and your students.
The "In-principle Application" form has been replaced with the "Request for Funding Release Prior to Human Research Ethics Review".
The Joint UVic/Island Health Research Ethics Board review process has been replaced with the BC Ethics Harmonization review model.
If you have questions, or if you are new to research, please contact us before you begin your study to discuss whether you will require research ethics approval.
Address: Human Research Ethics, B202 Administrative Services Building, Office of Research Services, University of Victoria, PO Box 1700 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, Canada V8W 2Y2
UVic faculty, students and staff must obtain research ethics approval from the UVic Human Research Ethics Board (HREB) if their research involves human participants and/or human biological materials.
UVic HREB approval must be obtained before starting the research. See below for types of human research exempt from ethics approval.
The following table shows which studies require approval and which form to complete (see “How do I apply?” tab), based upon key characteristics of your research.
If you are not sure whether your research project requires ethics approval, we urge you to contact us as soon as possible to discuss. For graduate students in particular, failing to obtain research ethics approval could have serious implications for your thesis or dissertation defense and your ability to graduate.
Ethics approval is required for projects that involve but are not limited to the following:
- Individual interviews
- Group discussions
- Questionnaires, surveys
- Self reflective research - autoethnographies, autobiographical narratives
- Audio recording, video taping or photographing people
- Research by students in a UVic course (course-based research)
- Linked data
- Human biological materials: fluids, tissue, bones, cells, stem cells, remains, cadavers, embryos, fetuses, DNA/RNA or fragments of DNA/RNA
- Some forms of research conducted on the Internet
- Secondary data (information gathered for a non-research purpose to be used in research such as grades/report cards, course assignments, health records, minutes of non-public meetings, diaries)
Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or 250-472-4545.
Most UVic research involving human participants requires research ethics review using the standard research ethics application (Application for Ethics Approval for Human Research Participants). Please read the annotated guidelines before completing the application.
A specialized ethical review (application for use of anonymized data or anonymized biological materials) is permitted in very limited circumstances. It does not release researchers from any other applicable legal obligations such as protecting a person’s right to privacy, fulfilling copyright requirements, etc.
If your study does not meet the following requirements, you will need to submit the standard research ethics application:
Research that may qualify for a specialized HREB ethical review:
- Research that is limited to analysis of anonymized secondary data. Anonymized data or information means “the information is irrevocably stripped of direct identifiers, a code is not kept to allow further re-linkage, and risk of re-identification of individuals from remaining indirect identifiers is low or very low” (Tri-Council Policy Statement 2, p. 57). All forms of data (usually databases) must be supplied to the researcher in completely anonymous formats. The anonymized data may be in the public domain (e.g., Statistics Canada) or not (e.g., collected by a professor who decides who may have access to the data).You may submit a specialized application form if you are being supplied anonymous data that has already been linked. However, if further information is required, we may require you to submit an ethics application form. Contact us at 250-472-4545 or email@example.com before submitting the specialized ethical review form if you are using linked data.
In addition to undergoing a standard human research ethics review, research procedures using microorganisms, recombinant DNA and human blood, tissues and fluids must be reviewed by the UVic biosafety committee. Researchers should complete a human materials form when their research involves collecting human materials or coming into contact with human fluids such as blood. When applicable, human research ethics approval is conditional upon approval from the UVic Biosafety Committee. Please contact our office at 250-472-4545 or firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.
IMPORTANT - Deadlines for course-based ethics applications
As part of their teaching strategies related to research, many instructors assign class projects and activities in which students must collect data from human participants.
Course-based research assignments vary in scope, but they all include gathering data from human participants for class presentations, reports or other activities considered research within the discipline in which the course is taught. Please see the application for ethical review of course-based research and guidelines for course-based research.
BC Ethics Harmonization
For health researchers who must obtain multiple ethical clearances from separate BC research ethics boards a streamlined, coordinated system will help eliminate duplication and reduce time while ensuring that ethics obligations are met by researchers and review boards.
Please note that as of February 9, 2015 the Joint UVic/Island Health Research Ethics Board has been dissolved and all new research ethics projects involving University of Victoria and Island Health (VIHA) will follow the BC Ethics Harmonization review model (see Notice for more information).
Please contact the UVic Research Ethics Office if you are a UVic researcher (faculty, student, staff) whose health research project will require ethics clearance from UVIC and at least one additional BC university ethics board or BC health authority ethics board (including Island Health) listed above: email@example.com 250-472-4545
Contact us at (250) 472-4545 or firstname.lastname@example.org if you are not sure which application form applies to your study.
An application form is not required for:
- Research limited to the use of materials in the public domain and for which all applicable copyright, patent, or other legal requirements and approvals have been either fulfilled or received.
- Research that involves a living individual in the public arena, or is about an artist, based exclusively on publicly available information, documents, records, works, performance, or archival materials.
- Research involving observation of participants who are seeking public visibility, such as speakers at public political demonstrations, public meetings.
- Research that involved observations that: does not allow for the identification of the participants; does not involve staging or manipulating the setting/circumstances; and is conducted in an open setting (e.g., parking lot or public park).
- Research limited to activities that comprise quality assessment of services and programs, as outlined in the University of Victoria's Internal Guidelines for Quality Assessment of Services and Programs. (Please note these guidelines were developed by the following contributing offices: Office of Vice-President Research, University Secretary, Privacy Office, Office of Institutional Planning and Analysis, and applies to internal quality assurance, performance review or testing within the University of Victoria only.) Ethical approval from the HREB may be required for activities that border on or may include elements of research. Determination of whether a quality assessment activity requires HREB approval will be made through consultation with the Chair of the HREB and if needed, the Director of Institutional Planning and Analysis.
- Research where the professor and student are co-investigators. Both the professor and the student must be named as co-investigators on the professor’s research ethics application form and the certificate of approval.
- Student research which does not deviate from professor’s HREB approved project that is active (e.g., ethics approval has not expired). Students must ask their supervisor or professor to contact eh research ethics office to add their named to the professor’s ethics approval.
- Research conducted by faculty and staff as an outside professional activity. This usually applies to a university member acting in their capacity as a private contractor, whether incorporated or not, in which case the university member is not eligible to seek research ethics approval from the UVic HREB. A research ethics application is not required only if:
- No aspect of the research, from proposal to completion, is undertaken by asserting connection or affiliation with the University of Victoria (e.g., university title, the university logo, letterhead and name are not used).
- The research is not conducted at the University of Victoria and does not use the University’s resources.
- The results disseminated in the public domain do not indicate association with the University.
- Students conducting research outside the auspices of the University of Victoria and/or its academic programs. For example, students on work terms or co-op terms do not need to obtain HREB approval provided:
- the research is entirely under the control of an outside agency that has no research affiliation with the University of Victoria;
- the research is not directly supervised by University of Victoria faculty or staff;
- the research conforms to the three criteria stated in item 3 above for faculty and staff; and
- the student does not plan to use the research project or data for academic credit (e.g., a thesis or major project)
You must apply for and receive ethical approval before you begin your study and maintain the approval during recruitment and data collection.
- Human Research Ethics Approval is required prior to the initiation of recruitment activities and the start of data collection phases of the study.
- Human Research Ethics Approval is granted for one year and must be renewed annually as long as there is the potential for the researchers to be in contact with the participants; whether this is for ongoing recruitment or data collection, or for the dissemination of results to participants.
- It is recommended that graduate students maintain approval until they have completed their defense and final revisions have been accepted.
- Human Research Ethics Approval is required prior to the acquisition or use of human biological materials. Where applicable, Human Research Ethics Approval is conditional upon approval from the UVic biosafety committee.
If you plan to modify your study any time after receiving approval, you must apply for a Request for Modification and receive approval before implementing changes. This includes modifications implemented in response to an unanticipated issue or event. Unanticipated events or issues that may impact on the risk of harm to participants must be reported to the UVic Human Research Ethics Board, by submitting the Unanticipated Event Report immediately.
Submit a completed application to our office. We will review your research study and contact you after it has been reviewed.
Once your study is reviewed and approved by the UVic Human Research Ethics Board (HREB) you will be certified to begin recruitment and data collection for your study.
If you're not sure whether your study needs research ethics approval please see the “Should I apply?” tab or contact us at email@example.com or (250) 472-4545.
Applying for approval for a new project
Standard application form (used for most studies):
- Application for research ethics approval:
- Guidelines for research ethics in dual-role research for teachers and other practitioners - for teachers and practitioner-researchers undertaking research in professional/classroom settings
Consent form(s) to be attached to your full application form:
- Consent form template
- Point form consent template
- Letter of information for implied consent template
If applicable to your study, include these forms with your full application:
- Human materials form - For collecting human biological samples and receiving previously collected human biological samples.
- Request to use deception form - For research involving the use of limited or partial disclosure about the research purpose or procedures in the consent process where full disclosure would render the research impossible.
Other application forms for new projects:
- Anonymized Data or Anonymized Biological Materials Application (applies to limited, special categories of research)
- Course-based research projects (faculty and instructors only).
Contact us at 250-472-4545 or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Submit your application for a new project
- Submit the application form and appendices, in hard copy + two photocopies, to the office address on the application form, in person, by regular mail, courier, or campus mail.
- All signatures must be included. At least one of the signatures (not the PI) must be original (not photocopied or scanned). For more details please see Guidelines for Signatures on Application Forms
- Submission instructions are at the top of the application forms or cover page.
- If you live out of town you may arrange for your department to submit the application on your behalf. Signature guidelines still apply; for more details please see Guidelines for Signatures on Application Forms
- We do not accept applications submitted by email or fax.
- Incomplete applications will not be reviewed. You will be notified if your application is incomplete.
After submitting your application for a new project
Applications are entered into the review queue on an ongoing basis. Time required to review your application depends on the volume of applications in our system. The beginning and end of the term are our busiest periods.
- Standard applications: four to six weeks
- Applications for use of anonymzied data and course based applications: two weeks
Receiving notification of approval
- We will send you an email with the results of the review and instructions to address any changes or clarifications if required.
- After you have responded to the required changes or clarifications, we will review the revisions - usually within five working days.
- You may receive an additional email if any items have not been addressed. Once the changes and/or clarifications are complete, we will email you a Notification of Approval and you may begin your research.
- A Certificate of Ethical Approval with an expiry date of one year from the approval date, will be forwarded to you through regular mail (if a mailing address is indicated on your application form) or campus mail to your department (if indicated on your application form).
Post approval – renewal, modification, completion
Standard Post approval – renewal, modification, completion
- Request for annual renewal form - Your study must have current ethics approval when you are recruiting, collecting data and/or there is still a possibility that you will contact participants. You will need to submit annual renewal until all interactions with participants are complete. It is recommended that graduate students maintain approval until they have completed their defense and final revisions have been accepted. If the annual renewal form is not submitted, Ethics Approval will expire on the most recent expiry date issued.
- Request for Modification of an Approved Project - Submit this form when any modifications to the approved protocol are required or anticipated. Modifications to an approved protocol must be approved before being implemented, including modification in response to an unanticipated event or issue. If the Modification is extensive, or involves a modification to the original purpose of the research question, a new application may be required.
- Notice of project completion form - Submit this form once recruitment and data collection and any other anticipated interactions with participants have concluded.
UVic guidelines and national best practices guidelines will help you think through the ethical dimensions of your study when preparing your ethics application.
If you are new to research, your study is complex, or there are potential risks to research participants, research ethics and completing a research ethics application can be challenging. Feel free to contact us at email@example.com or 250-472-4545.
- Annotated Guidelines - for completing the standard application for ethics approval
Course-Based Research Guidelines - recommended for faculty and instructors completing the ethics application for course-based research
- Guidelines for Signatures on Application Forms
Guidelines for Ethics in Dual-Role Research for Teachers and other Practitioners - for teachers and practitioner-researchers undertaking research in professional/classroom settings
Quantitative Single Case Design Guidelines - recommended for all teacher/practitioners using single case research designs.
National guidelines, tutorial and best practices
Tri-Council Policy Statement (TCPS2) - Adopted by Canadian universities, most hospitals, health authorities and research institutions
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
- CIHR Guidelines for Health Research Involving Aboriginal People
- CIHR Best Practices for Protecting Privacy in Health Research
- CIHR Policies and Guidelines in Ethics (Canada)
- CIHR Guidelines for Human Pluripotent Stem Cell Research
National ethics associations and organizations
- Interagency Advisory Panel on Research Ethics (Canada)
- National Council on Ethics in Human Research (NCEHR)
- Canadian Association of Research Ethics Boards (CAREB)
US and international codes of ethics and regulatory bodies
Ethics Forms, Templates and Samples
|Standard Ethics Application | RTF||
See consent form templates and other sample documents below.
|Course-based Application | RTF||Course-based Guidelines||Deadlines for course-based ethics applications|
|Anonymized Data or Biological Materials Application||Notice for Replacement of "Waiver Application" with "Application for Approval for Use of Anonymized Data or Biological Materials"|
|"In-principle Application" form has been replaced - Notice||The "In-principle application " form has been removed from the research ethics website|
|Unanticipated Events Report||To report any incidents, experiences, or outcomes that have not been previously accounted for in the approved protocol and which place participants, or others, at a greater risk.|
|Dissolution of Joint UVic/Island Health REB - Notice||The Joint UVic/Island Health Research Ethics Board review process has been replaced with the BC Ethics Harmonization review model.|
|Request for Annual Renewal | RTF||POST-APPROVAL
Submit this form prior to the expiry date on your Certificate of Approval to ensure current research ethics approval for recruitment, data collection, or other interactions with participants.
|Request for Modification | RTF||
See consent form templates and other sample documents below.
|Notice of Project Completion | PDF||POST-APPROVAL
Submit this form once recruitment, data collection, or other interactions with participants have concluded.
|Request to use deception form | RTF||For research involving the use of limited or partial disclosure in the consent process.|
The University of Victoria is committed to supporting our researchers in their intellectual pursuits while also recognizing the need to protect the rights and interests of individuals who participate in UVic research, and those of the public.
For this reason, UVic policies and procedures governing human-related research uphold the highest ethical standards and are designed to be in accordance with Canada's Tri-Council Policy Statement on the Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS2).
It is vital that UVic researchers understand their responsibilities to both the university and the public. Please familiarize yourself with these policies before starting your research.
- Board of Governors (BOG) Research Policy (policy RH8100) -- sets out the manner in which research is conducted, supported and communicated at UVic.
- BOG University Regulations for Research Involving Humans (policy RH 8105) -- delegates ethical review management and administration to the Office of Vice-President Research and the Human Research Ethics office.
- Office of Vice-President Research procedures for conducting human research (procedures start on page 4 of policy RH 8105)-- includes detailed information about the administration of human research ethics at UVic and the terms of reference for the Human Research Ethics Board and related committees.
- Internal Guidelines for Quality Assessment of Services and Programs (Please note: this is not a policy) -- These guidelines were developed by the following contributing offices: Office of Vice-President Research, University Secretary, Privacy Office, Office of Institutional Planning and Analysis, and applies to internal quality assurance, performance review or testing within the University of Victoria only.
- Federal research ethics policy -- Tri-Council Policy Statement on the Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS2)
- Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on Roles and Responsibilities in the Management of Federal Grants and Awards
In general, you can expect a wait of 4-6 weeks for new, first-time applications to be reviewed and approved. If you’ve submitted a waiver, course-based, or in-principle application, you can expect a turn-around time of about two weeks. For annual renewals or modifications to a previously approved protocol, the wait time is about two weeks.
Please make sure that your application is complete before you submit it. If it’s incomplete it won’t be forwarded for review and will be held at the end of the queue until we receive the missing items. “Incomplete” usually refers to missing appendices or to sections of the application that were not completed, but it can also refer to poorly-written applications that don’t provide enough information on the study for a review to be undertaken.
We’ll email you at the address you provide on your application. If your application requires revisions before approval is granted (which is the case for the majority of applications), we’ll send you a “notice of ethical review” by email. It will outline the revisions the board is requesting. We’ll also email you when your application has been approved.
We prefer to contact you at your UVic email address, so please use that on your application. We’ve had delivery issues with external email providers (e.g., Hotmail, Yahoo) due to security and spam settings. If you prefer to use another primary email address rather than your UVic one, please provide us with both email addresses so we have an alternate email to reach you at.
In order to ensure that the applications can be approved in time for the start of the course, we have launched the following deadlines for instructors submitting Course-Based Ethics Applications:
August 1, for courses beginning in September (Fall Term)
December 1, for courses beginning in January (Winter Term)
April 1, for courses beginning in May/June (Spring Term)
June 1, for courses beginning in July/August (Summer Term)
Only course-based applications have these deadlines. No deadlines apply to our other ethics applications.
The Tri-Council Policy Statement: Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans (TCPS) is the joint research ethics policy statement of the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC).
The TCPS outlines standards and procedures for research involving humans and applies to those conducting, participating in, or reviewing human research in institutions funded by CIHR, NSERC or SSHRC. As a condition of funding, these three agencies require that researchers and more than 80 affiliated institutions follow the TCPS.
The TCPS was first published in August 1998 to promote the ethical conduct of research involving humans. The 2nd edition of the TCPS is expected to be released in Fall 2010.
We recommend that you go through the TCPS tutorial before applying. At the very least, we strongly recommend that you read the TCPS chapters that are relevant to your research.
Many departments have systems in place to help off-campus students obtain signatures and submit their application form to Research Ethics and when a supervisor is out of town or on sabbatical.
Students should contact their departmental secretary and their supervisor.
The supervisor and departmental office would then be responsible for coordination for obtaining the supervisor’s signature and an original signature (usually from the chair, director or dean) and forwarding the signed hard copy application to Research Ethics via campus mail.
For more information around signatures please see Guidelines for Signatures on Application Forms
Generally, yes. If you have received a grant to fund a study that needs ethics approval, then you will need approval before accessing funds.
If you need access to funding for preparatory activities (e.g. research design, hiring staff, consultation, travel), you can submit a “Request for Funding Release Prior to Human Research Ethics Review.”
If you have any questions please contact Manager, Research Finances and Budget at 250-721-8079, firstname.lastname@example.org
Generally yes. The UVIc Research Ethics Board will also consider the specifics of the study and the participants to determine whether this method of consent is acceptable for the study.
Online survey instruments based out the US (e.g., SurveyMonkey) are subject to the US Patriot Act. As such, there is a possibility that information collected via these surveys may be accessed, without the survey participant’s knowledge or consent, by the US government in compliance with the US Patriot Act.
For this reason, we require this information to be disclosed to research participants who will be using a US-based survey instrument during the consent process. (Preferably, this will be stated at the beginning of the questionnaire so that it is not overlooked by the participant.). Alternatively, you may choose to use a Canadian-based survey tool.