Commentary on the Psalms, Fragment

Type: Fragment

Date: 13th century

Setting: University

Produced By/For: [unknown] [France]

Contents: Psalm Commentary

Shelf Mark: Fragm.Lat.1

Location: Shelf 02/B/20 (Acc. 2006-023)

Description by Erik Kwakkel, July 2006


Sheet of parchment (half a bifolium) which was used as a wrapper around a thin booklet, as is shown by the vertical fold and stitch marks halfway the page

  • damage along all sides and at the four corners (from use as a wrapper); some ink smutches from later additions
  • dimensions: 322x203 (210x155) mm
  • 1 column, 42 lines
  • pricking and ruling visible (plummet)
  • underscoring in red (Psalm text)
  • original foliation on recto, top left-hand corner: 'cxxxv'
  • running titles in red: 'Psalmus' (verso) / 'xxxiiiius' (recto).


Main text by one hand, possibly French (littera textualis, 1250-1300), who also did the foliation, rubrication and perhaps the running titles

  • marginal references on verso by another hand, probably (near) contemporary to that of the main text (Jeronimus etc.)
  • pen trials and other notations added by later hands, most likely when the sheet was already used as a wrapper, the oldest dating from the sixteenth century (alphabet in the lower margin on recto), the youngest one from around the year 2000 ('331,15 Euro', possibly the sales price of the fragment)
  • writing below topline.


No decoration.

Textual Remarks

Commentary on the Psalms, perhaps part of a larger Bible commentary; the fragment presents Ps. 34, 10 (first underscored Psalm text is verse 11: 'surgentes testes iniqui quae ignorabam interrogabant me') to Ps. 34, 13 (last underscored Psalm text is part of verse 13: 'humiliabam in ieiunio animam meam')

  • this is an extensive Psalm commentary as a single folium (of large proportions) holds only about two verses (Psalm text underscored)
  • different commentary than that of Peter Lombard (Patrologia Latina, vol. 191), Cassiodorus (Patrologia Latina, vol. 70), Bruno the Cathusian (Patrologia Latina, vol. 152), Innocentius III (Patrologia Latina, vol. 217), Thomas Aquinas, In psalmos Davidis expositio, and the version in the Glossa Ordinaria (Patrologia Latina, vol. 113).


Purchased through Erik Kwakkel in July 2006 from the collection of Herman Mulder (Hombeek, Belgium), who bought it from Antiquariaat Garcia, Mechelen, on November 2, 2001.


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