Scott Hofer

Scott Hofer
Position
Professor, Harald Mohr, M.D. and Wilhelma Mohr, M.D. Research Chair in Adult Development and Aging. Director, Institute on Aging & Lifelong Health
Psychology
Credentials

Ph.D. 1994 (USC) joined Department in 2009

Contact
Office: COR A271

Scott M. Hofer is Director of the Institute on Aging and Lifelong Health, Professor of Psychology, and holds the Harald Mohr, M.D. and Wilhelma Mohr, M.D. Research Chair in Adult Development and Aging at the University of Victoria. He is Past President of Division 5 (Quantitative and Qualitative Methods) of the American Psychological Association, Past President of the Society of Multivariate Experimental Psychology, and a Fellow of the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research, American Psychological Association, Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, Gerontological Society of America, and the Royal Statistical Society. In 2016, he received an honorary doctorate from the University of Gothenburg.

Dr. Hofer’s research has focused on the replicability and generalizability of results from longitudinal studies in the psychological and health sciences, with particular emphasis on integrative data analysis and innovations in study design and measurement. He is Program Director of the NIH-funded Integrative Analysis of Longitudinal Studies on Aging and Dementia (IALSA) research network, comprised of over 130 longitudinal studies, for international comparative research and synthesis of results. He has used intensive measurement designs to evaluate the within-person day-to-day dynamics among cognitive and physical health to better enable the assessment and identification of critical changes in functioning and to increase the potential for effective intervention. As Scientific Lead of the Neil and Susan Manning Cognitive Health Initiative, he and his colleagues are leveraging digital technologies to improve the assessment of neurocognitive and patient-reported outcomes into the home and clinic to enable earlier and more accurate detection of change and improve the diagnosis and treatment of individuals with dementia.

Dr. Hofer's CV.

 

Interests

  • Lifespan development and aging
  • Longitudinal studies
  • Developmental research methods
  • Detection of individual change in functioning

Publications

Graham, E. K., Weston, S. J., Turiano, N. A., Aschwanden, D., Booth, T., Harrison, F., James, B.D., Lewis, N.A., Makkar, S.R., Mueller, S., Wisniewski, K.M., Yoneda, T., Zhaoyang, R., Spiro, A., Willis, S., Schaie, K.W., Sliwinski, M., Lipton, R.A., Katz, M., Deary, D., Zelinski, E.M., Bennett, D.A., Sachdev, P.S., Brodaty, H., Troller, J.N., Ames, D., Wright, M.J., Gerstorf, D., Allemand, M., Drewelies, J., Wagner, G.G., Muniz-Terrera, G., Piccinin, A.M., Hofer, S.M., Mroczek, D. K. (in press). Is healthy neuroticism associated with health behaviors? A coordinated integrative data analysis. Collabra: Psychology.

Rush, J., Rast, P., & Hofer, S. M. (2020). Optimizing detection of true within-person effects for intensive measurement designs: A comparison of multilevel SEM and unit-weighted scale scores. Behavior Research Methods, 1-10.

Babulal, G. M., Quiroz, Y. T., Albensi, B. C., Arenaza-Urquijo, E., Astell, A. J., Hofer, S. M., et al. (2019). Perspectives on ethnic and racial disparities in Alzheimer's disease and related dementias: Update and areas of immediate need. Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association, 15 (2), 292-312.

Bendayan, R., Kelly, A., Hofer, S. M., Piccinin, A. M., & Muniz-Terrera, G. (2019). Memory decline and depression onset in US and European older adults, Journal of Aging and Health, doi: 10.1177/0898264318813019. [Epub ahead of print].

Duggan, E. C., Piccinin, A. M., Clouston, S., Koval, A. V., Robitaille, A., Zammitt, A. R., Wu, C., Brown, C. L., Lee, L. O., Finkel, D., Beasley, W. H., Kaye, J., Muniz-Terrera, G., M., Katz, M., Lipton, R. B., Deeg, D., Bennett, D. A., Praetorius-Bjork, M., Johansson, B., Spiro, A., Weuve, J., & Hofer, S. M. (2019) A Multi-study Coordinated Meta-analysis of Pulmonary Function and Cognition in Aging. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, Biol Sci Med Sciences, 74(11), 1793-1804. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glz057.

McConnell‐Nzunga, J., Naylor, P. J., Macdonald, H. M., Rhodes, R. E., Hofer, S. M., & McKay, H. A., (2019). Body fat accrual trajectories for a sample of Asian‐Canadian and Caucasian‐Canadian children and youth: A longitudinal DXA‐based study. Pediatric Obesity, e12570. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijpo.12570

Raina, P., Wolfson, C., Kirkland, S., Griffith, L. E., Balion, C., Cossette, B., Dionne, I.,
Hofer, S. M., Hogan, D., van den Heuvel, E. R., Liu-Ambrose, T., Menec, V., Mugford, G., Patterson, M., Payette, H., Richards, B., Shannon, H., Sheets, D., Taler, V., Thompson, M., Tuokko, H., Wister, A., Wu, C., & Young, L., (2019). Cohort profile: The Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA), International Journal of Epidemiology, doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyz173.

Rush, J., Rast, P., Almeida, D. M., & Hofer, S. M. (2019). Modeling long-term changes in daily within-person associations: An application of multilevel SEM. Psychology and Aging, 34 (2), 163-176.

Zammit, A. R., Piccinin, A. M., Duggan, E. C., Koval, A., Clouston, S., Robitaille, A., ... Hofer, S. M. (2019). A coordinated multi-study analysis of the longitudinal association between handgrip strength and cognitive function in older adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Psychological Sciences, doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbz072.

Zammit, A. R., Robitaille, A., Piccinin, A. M., Muniz-Terrera, G. & Hofer, S. M. (2019). Associations between Aging-Related Changes in Grip Strength and Cognitive Function in Older Adults: A Systematic Review, Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences. 74 (4), 519-527.

Karr, J. E., Graham, R. B., Muniz-Terrera, G, & Hofer, S. M. (2018). When does cognitive decline begin? A systematic review of preclinical change point studies on accelerated decline in cognitive and neurological outcomes preceding mild cognitive impairment, dementia, and death. Psychology and Aging, 33(2),195-218.

Karr, J. E., Graham, R. B., Hofer, S. M., & Muniz-Terrera, G. (2018). When does cognitive decline begin? A systematic review of preclinical change point studies on accelerated decline in cognitive and neurological outcomes preceding mild cognitive impairment, dementia, and death. Psychology and Aging, 33(2),195-218.

Karr, J. Iverson, G. L., Hofer, S. M., Garcia-Barrera, M. A. (2018). Examining the latent structure of the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acy043.

McConnell-Nzunga, J., Naylor, P. J., Macdonald, H., Rhodes, R. E., Hofer, S. M., & McKay, H. (2018). Classification of obesity varies between body mass index and direct measures of body fat in boys and girls of Asian and European ancestry. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 154-166.

Robitaille, A., Piccinin, A. M., Johansson, B., Hofer, S.M. Muniz, G. (2018). An examination of the heterogeneity in the pattern and association between rates of change in grip strength and global cognition in late life. A multivariate growth mixture modeling approach. Age and Ageing, 47(5), 692-697. doi: 10.1093/ageing/afy048.

Robitaille, A., Van den Hout A., Machado, R.J.M., Bennett, D. A., Čukić, I., Deary, I. J., Hofer, S. M., Hoogendijke, E.O., Huisman, M., Johansson, B., Koval, A.V., Van der Noordt, M., Piccinin, A.M., Rijnhart, J.J.M., Singh-Manoux, A., Skoog, J., Skoog, I., Starr, J., Vermunt, L., Clouston, S. Muniz-Terrera, G. (2018). Transitions across cognitive states and death among older adults in relation to education: a multi-state survival model using data from six longitudinal studies. Alzheimer's & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association, 14(4), 462-472.

Bendayan, R., Cooper, R., Wloch, E. G., Hofer, S. M., Piccinin, A. M., & Muniz, G. (2017). Hierarchy and speed of loss in physical functioning: A comparison across older US and English men and women. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biomedical Sciences and Medical Sciences, 72(8) 1117-1122. doi:10.1093/gerona/glw209

Bendayan, R., Piccinin, A. M., Hofer, S. M., Cadar, D., Johansson, B., Muniz-Terrera, G. (2017). Decline in memory, visuospatial ability and crystalized cognitive abilities in older adults: Normative aging or terminal decline? Journal of Aging Research, 2017, 9 pages. doi: 10.1155/2017/6210105.

Bendayan, R., Piccinin, A. M., Hofer, S. M., & Muniz-Terrera, G. (2017). Are changes in self-rated health associated with memory decline in older adults? Journal of Aging and Health, 29 (8), 1410-1423.

Cadar, D., Robitaille, A., Clouston, S. A. P., Hofer, S. M., Piccinin, A. M., Muniz-Terrera, G. (2017). An international evaluation of cognitive reserve and memory changes in early old age in 10 European countries. Neuroepidemiology, 48, 9-20. doi: 10.1159/000452276. PMID: 28219074.

Graham, E.K., Rutsohn, J. P., Bastarache, E.D., Elleman, L.G., Turiano, N.A, Bendayan, R., Batterham, P., Bennett, D.B., Deeg, D.H.G., Gerstorf, D., Katz, M.J., Kuh, D., Lipton, R.B, Pedersen, N.L., Piccinin, A.M., Reynolds, C.A., Sharp, E.S., Spiro, A., Muniz-Terrera, G., Willis, S.L., Yoneda, T.B., Zelinski, E.M., Hofer, S.M., & Mroczek, D.K. (2017). Personality predicts mortality risk: An Integrative Data Analysis of 15 international longitudinal studies. Journal of Research in Personality, 70, 174-186. Doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2017.07.005.

Muniz, G., Robitaille, A., Kelly A., Johansson, B., Hofer, S. M., & Piccinin, A.M. (2017). Latent growth curve analysis with time-varying covariates: The need to match longitudinal methods to the research questions. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 82, 158-166. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.09.001

Rush, J., & Hofer, S. M. (2017). Design-based approaches for improving measurement in developmental science. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development: Developmental Methodology, 82, 67-83. DOI: 10.1111/mono.12299.