Hydrogen dispersion studies

Hydrogen dispersion and safety

Safety is not only a major consideration in achieving a hydrogen based renewable energy systems but also a crucial factor to dispel fear of hydrogen in society. Current research focuses on accidental leakages from compressed storage devices and also pipes when hydrogen is transported in a plant or in a filling station. We investigate safety scenarios by employing simplified but near-realistic geometries based on associated flow physics. The goal is to gain insight into the characteristics of a buoyant jet mixing with air. The numerical simulations are performed using the Large Eddy Simulation and experiments involve Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) and Laser Induced Fluorescence for velocity and concentration measurements. The research also focuses on various scenarios involving cross winds and barriers to jet.

Laboratory facilities:


  • Second Harmonic double Pulsed Nd:YAG Laser
  • Single Pulsed Nd:YAG laser with 4th harmonic generator
  • CCD Cameras
  • P43 Image Intensifier
  • NI SCXI DAQ Acquisition System

Computational tools and resources:

  • OpenFOAM
  • Ansys Fluent
  • Compute Canada (Westgrid, SharcNet)
  • ParaView
  • SciPY
  • LaVision Davis