Welcome to the Centre for Co-operative and Community-Based Economy
The Centre for Co-operative and Community-Based Economy (CCCBE) is a focal point on campus for the promotion of interdisciplinary research and learning on subjects related to co-operative and community-based economy engaging faculty members from the University of Victoria and elsewhere, graduate and undergraduate students, and members of the wider community.
The CCCBE is grateful to and recognizes the Coast Salish and Straits Salish First People for sharing their Territory with us.
- Mourning the passing of Ian MacPherson
Dear Friends and Colleagues,
With great regret and sadness, I convey the news that Ian MacPherson died suddenly on the weekend. Ian was a world figure as an historian but also an activist in the world of co-operative enterprise. He took a leading role in creating the Canadian Co-operative Association, was the co-founder of CASC (the Canadian Association for the Study of Co-operation), and chair of the International Co-operative Alliance committee that revised the co-operative principles in 1995.
Prominent among his many contributions was the founding in the year 2000 of the BC Institute for Co-operative Studies (BCICS), later re-named the Centre for Co-operative and Community-Based Economy (CCCBE). The Centre became a prime source of scholarly material as well as support for practitioners in co-operative undertaking. The BCICS/CCCBE is an arm of the mentorship that Ian so warmly and generously practised himself for those interested in learning about and advancing co-operation as a community resource. Ian’s latest initiative, under the umbrella of the Centre, was the creation of the Co-operative Initiative for Peace and Social Inclusion.
Ian will be sorely missed by many in the academic world but especially in the world of co-operation. It is expected that there will an event in the University of Victoria in the coming weeks to honour and celebrate Ian’s life and accomplishments. We will be sure to publicize the event as soon as details are known.
Ana Maria Peredo PhD
Centre for Co-operative and Community-Based Economy
University of Victoria
- Call for Papers: Journal of Co-operative Studies
The U.K.’s Journal of Co-operative Studies will be publishing a Canadian edition with three prominent Canadians as guest editors, Ana Maria Peredo (University of Victoria) along with Isobel Findlay (University of Saskatchewan) and Fiona Duguid (Canadian Co-operative Association).
The theme of this special Canadian issue is: Co-operating @ the (Cutting) Edge: Innovating for Social Inclusion, Sustainability and Solidarity Economies.
The theme of this special issue aims to draw analytic attention to the ways in which co-operatives and related social economy organizations innovate to:
- champion social inclusion
- support economic and business practices fostering sustainability
- build solidarity economies
The deadline for submissions has been extended. Click here for the full Call for Papers.
The Journal of Co-operative Studies is a peer-reviewed international academic journal which aims to generate theoretical knowledge and promote research and innovation within the co-operative sector. Published by the UK Society for Co-operative Studies in Manchester, England, it is distributed in Canada in partnership with the Canadian Association for Studies in Co-operation.
If you are interested please email Ana Maria Peredo
- Youth Conference for Sustainability Leadership
2014 IMPACT! Youth Conference for Sustainability Leadership is accepting applications from passionate student sustainability leaders until Oct 20th to work with sustainability experts and astronaut Chris Hadfield at an all all-expense paid conference by The Cooperators in Guelph, ON from May 23-26, 2014. For more information see website.
- B.C. introduces Canada’s first model for profitable charities Capitalism gets a little kinder
Read about British Columbia's Community Contribution Company (C3) model in Canadian Business Magazine's article titled B.C. introduces Canada’s first model for profitable charities: Capitalism gets a little kinder, by Jennifer Kwan.
Key to the program is the notion of the “asset lock,” which ensures investment toward the social cause remains intact, even if the company changes hands, says Ana Maria Peredo, a professor of sustainable entrepreneurship at the University of Victoria. She notes that the model mimics the community interest companies (CIC) that began in the United Kingdom in the mid-2000s.
- Dr. Ana María Peredo selected as a Broadbent Fellow
Dr. Ana María Peredo has became a Broadbent fellow!
The Broadbent Institute is an independent, non-partisan organization championing progressive change in Canada through the promotion of democracy, equality, and sustainability and the training of a new generation of leaders. A multidisciplinary group of distinguish scholars, policy makers, policy experts and leaders from Canadian civil society have been selected as Broadbent Fellows.
Congratulations to Ana Maria on being selected for her expertise in economic inequality, social & public policy, social economy, social exclusion & inclusion.
- The Climate Emergency: Perspectives on Fighting Global Warming
Fred Magdoff(author of What Every Environmentalist Needs to Know About Capitalism &The ABCs of the Economic Crisis) will present The Climate Emergency: Perspectives on Fighting Global Warming on Tuesday, September 24th at 7pm at the University of Victoria in the Harry Hickman building, room 105.
details on facebook
Sponsored by: UVic Environmental Studies, Sociology, Political Science, Geography, Social Justice Studies, Victoria Social Environmental Alliance, and The Vancouver Eco-Socialist Group
- Connected Local Economies in Victoria with Michael Shuman
SFU Public Square and SFU Community Economic Development present Connected Local Economies in Victoria with Michael H. Shuman on October 1st, 2013 from 6-10pm. The event will be held at the Victoria Event Centre, 1415 Borad Street, Victoria, B.C.
- Victoria Public Market Grand Opening
The Victoria Public Market at the Hudson celebrated its Grand Opening on September 14th and 15th, 2013.
The festivities opened with a ribbon cutting ceremony along with music and live entertainment.
This permanent year-round marketplace in the downtown core of Victoria is the result of 3 years of work by the Victoria Downtown Public Market Society. The Victoria Public Market highlights local food producers including farmers, fishers, butchers, backers, cheese-makers, preservers, brewers, vintners florists and restauranteurs.
- Challenges and Solutions to Preventing and Ending Homelessness
The next event in the Café Scientifique series on housing and homelessness will be held on September 7th at Discovery coffee (664 Discovery St.)from 3-5pm.
There will be three speakers: Stuart Hertzog (Vancouver Island Social Housing Residents Association), Kara Ronse (M.A. CAM, B.A. Psych, Realtor), and Matt Davies, (MA Candidate, UVic Anth).
The title of the Café is Challenges and Solutions to Preventing and Ending Homelessness. Kara Ronse will be speaking about how landlords' perceptions of single mothers puts them in a vulnerable housing situation. Stuart Hertzog will be speaking about the problems with social housing and potential solutions through ideas such as residents associations. Matt Davis will be speaking about problems and issues faced by social housing tenants and why this form of tenure is important and can provide good homes.
- Community Engagement Fair
Monday, June 3rd – 8:30 – 16:00
Presented by: Centre for Co-operative and Community-Based Economy, the Institute for Studies and Innovation in Community-University Engagement and the Congress Organizing Committee
Lobby, McKinnon Building
The University of Victoria Community Engagement Fair is an event at the 2013 Congress of the Humanities and Social Sciences that brings together local community social economy organizations and UVic regional university-community based research partners for information, discussion, music and talking circles on issues related to community engagement and democracy (led by Budd Hall), community enterprises and economic democracy (led by Ana Maria Peredo) and community-based research and Indigenous peoples.
- Craigdarroch Award for Excellence in Knowledge Mobilization
Dr. Ana María Peredo is the recipient of the 2013 Craigdarroch Award for Excellence in Knowledge Mobilization. This honor recognizes Ana María for her passion and commitment to mobilize knowledge for the cause of poverty alleviation from remote Andean villages to local Vancouver Island communities.
- BLOOD MONEY AT UVic?
Film, Panel, and Discussion on Goldcorp
Thurs May 16th, 7 - 9pm, B150 Bob Wright Ctr
Lekwungen and WSANEC Territories
* In February, UVic’s School of Business accepted $500,000 from Goldcorp.
* Goldcorp is alleged to be a serious abuser of human and indigenous rights.
* Join us May 16 to build a campaign to change UVic’s donations and investment policies.
Film: "The Business of Gold" in Guatemala (50 minutes) documents the resistance of the Mayan-Mam people of San Miguel Ixtahuacan against Canadian mining company Goldcorp Inc.
Speakers: Lorenzo Magzul (Indigenous Guatemalan), Heather Tufts (Mining Justice Action Committee), Andrew Fortune (Divest UVic), Mark Willson (Automated UVic)
In February 2013, UVic’s School of Business announced that they had received a $500,000 donation from Vancouver-based resource firm Goldcorp Inc. to support the school's Centre for Social and Sustainable Innovation (CSSI). In the media release announcing the donation, Chuck Jeannes, President and CEO of Goldcorp, states that “Goldcorp is committed to making a positive difference in the communities where we are located….Our investment in the CSSI aligns with our commitment to operating sustainably, acting responsibly and to growing educational opportunities for young people.”
There is increasing evidence that suggests that Goldcorp might not be a sustainable, responsible, good neighbour to the communities in which they operate. Indigenous communities in Central America are involved in ongoing and at times life-threatening struggles with Goldcorp. This donation raises serious questions that need to be addressed:
*What is Goldcorp’s relationship with, and impact on, indigenous communities in Guatemala?
*Should UVic accept donations from (and invest in) companies with poor records of responsible social, economic, political, labor, and environmental activities, particularly in their relationships with indigenous communities at home and abroad?
*How are such decisions arrived at and approved by UVic, and what needs to be changed? *What does accepting such donations do to our existing research and educational relationships with the communities involved in such struggles here and abroad?
Sponsored by: Mining Justice Action Committee, AutomatedUVic, DivestUVic, Social Justice Studies, Vancouver Island Public Interest Research Group
@UVicSJS on Twitter
UVicSJS on Facebook
UVicSJS on YouTube
- Singing A New Song: Creating a Renewed Relationship with First Nations
Sponsored by the Parish of St. John the Divine, Victoria B.C. April 26-27, 2013
Thanks to the Idle No More movement, Canada’s troubled relationship with its First Nations’ peoples has exploded into the headlines once more. Charges and countercharges have been made and tempers triggered on both sides.
But is this development simply déjà vu? When the current headlines fade, will any real progress have been made or a lasting solution found?
Perhaps. But only if all are willing to acknowledge the past—the good and the bad—and use it to build a lasting new relationship within Canada.
That is the theme and purpose of a unique public conference to be held April 26-27 and hosted by the Church of St. John the Divine, 1611 Quadra St., Victoria.
Singing A New Song: Creating a Renewed Relationship with First Nations will feature five of the leading experts and spokespersons on Aboriginal issues in Canada. This is unique opportunity for all concerned members of the Victoria community to participate in a realistic and equitable relationship-building event with First Nations people.
Leading off the conference will be John Borrows. Prof. Borrows is widely recognized both in Canada and elsewhere for his prodigious and insightful studies and published works on Aboriginal legal rights and traditions. His work has been quoted by the Supreme Court of Canada in its rulings on Aboriginal cases. He has also served as a consultant on Indigenous issues in other countries. Currently he holds the Robina Chair in Law, Public Policy and Society at the University of Minnesota.
Prof. Borrows will set the historical context and vision for the conference and describe how the relationship between First Nations and Canada could be repaired and strengthened.
On Saturday, April 27, the keynote speaker will be Robert Morales. A distinguished lawyer, negotiator and consultant, Mr. Morales is Chief Negotiator for the Hul’qumi’num Treaty Group in its petition to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights. (The HTG is comprised of six First Nations on Vancouver Island. Its head offices are in Ladysmith, B.C.) He is also Chair of the Summit Chief Negotiators Forum, composed of approximately 47 negotiating tables set up to deal with Aboriginal treaty rights in B.C.
Mr. Morales will address the conference on the rationale and process of using international human rights law to address gaps in Canadian law and legislative practice when it comes to Aboriginal land claims and other treaty issues. He will also suggest how it could provide a just solution to this historical problem.
Also on Saturday, two prominent experts from the University of Victoria will conduct a panel discussion and present ways of restoring and rebuilding First Nations’ economies, housing, and for recovering traditional legal and governance structures.
Val Napoleon, Law Foundation Professor of Aboriginal Justice and Governance, is the UVic Governor General’s Gold Medal winner for her 2009 dissertation on Gitskan law and legal theory.
Ana Maria Peredo is the Director of the Centre for Co-operative and Community-Based Economy and Professor of Sustainable Entrepreneurship and International Business at UVic’s Peter B. Gustavson School of Business. Her focus is on developing and implementing sustainable economic models for Indigenous and underdeveloped communities.
Other distinguished participants include Glen Coulthard, Assistant Professor of Indigenous Studies and Political Science at University of British Columbia, and Heidi Kiiwetinepinesik Stark, Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Victoria.
The conference opens at 7:30pm Friday, April 26 and concludes at 3:30pm Saturday, April 27. Tickets are $15 and include lunch on Saturday. Call St. John the Divine office at (250) 383-7169.Conference Program
- Dr. Ana María Peredo: Honoured with the Victoria Community Leadership Award
Dr. Ana María Peredo, CCCBE Director and Professor at Gustavson School of Business, has been awarded the 2013 University of Victoria Community Leadership Award. This nomination recognizes Dr. Peredo’s exemplary leadership in linking the University and the community. Through her teaching, her research and her leadership Dr. Peredo has created opportunities for graduate and undergraduate students, to help community organizations. She works tirelessly to bring people from different disciplines, sectors and communities together to share wisdom and knowledge. The Victoria Leadership Awards ceremony were held on February 25th. Congratulations on this well deserved award Ana Maria!
- Victoria Community Health Cooperative 2013 Co-op Day in Victoria
Co-op Day in Victoria is hosted by the Victoria Community Health Co-operative with support from the CCCBE and many local co-op organizations on Saturday, February 23rd at Fairfield United Church 1303 Fairfield Road from 11:00am to 2:00pm. Dr. Ian MacPherson is the featured speaker and will present “ Peace, Co-operation and Sustainability.”
- 2013 Ian MacPherson Graduate Student Scholarship Recipients
Richard Tuck and Sarah Easter, both PhD candidates from the Gustavson School of Business are the recipients of the 2013 CCCBE Ian MacPherson Graduate Student Scholarships.
Each year, Dr. Ian MacPherson Scholarship is awarded to one or more outstanding graduate students with an interest in co-operative studies and community-based economy.
- 2013 CASC scholarship competition launched
The Canadian Co-operative Association (CCA), on behalf of the Canadian Association for Studies in Co-operation (CASC), has launched the 2013 CASC scholarship competition. The scholarships are aimed at supporting and promoting research on co-operatives by university students.
Applicants must be pursuing research specifically related to co-operatives (including credit unions), and must include a description of their research project as part of their application.
The deadline for submitting applications is March 31, 2013.
- Announcement for Peace and Social Inclusion Initiative
We are delighted to announce that Dr. Ian MacPherson, founder and our former Director (BC Institute for Co-operative Studies) has joined us to lead a new initiative for Peace and Social Inclusion. This initiative is hosted and supported by the Centre for Co-operative and Community Based Economy (CCCBE), and is working in association with the Centre for Global Studies as well.
- Call for Papers – Special Issue of Organization
Worker Cooperatives as an Organizational Alternative: Challenges, Achievements and Promise in Organizational Governance and Ownership
- Iñaki Santa Cruz, Faculty of Economics and Business Studies. Autonomous University of Barcelona. (Spain)
- Elías Nazareno, Faculty of History. Universidade Federal de Goiás. (Brazil)
- George Cheney, School of Communication Studies, Associate Investigator, Ohio Employee Ownership Center, Kent State University (United States)
- Ana Maria Peredo, Gustavson School of Business, Centre for Co-operative and Community Based Economy and University of Victoria (Canada)
The current financial crisis has revealed structural problems as well as perturbations in the global financial and market systems. Within the context of crisis, there is great interest in experimentation with alternative organizational forms that can both respond to the challenges of today’s economy and restore equilibrium through a renewed emphasis on social values. In particular, worker ownership and governance are gaining attention in a variety of forms and regions. Worker-owned-and-governed cooperatives typically pursue both economic viability and strong forms of participation; further, they are closely tied to community economic and social development. Seeing these multiple objectives as intertwined and in fact necessary is central to the call for the 2012 United Nations’ International Year of the Cooperative, which seeks to highlight the contribution of cooperatives to social and economic development through generating employment, reducing poverty, and fostering social integration.
Perhaps the most famous contemporary case of worker cooperative organization that achieves the multiple goals described above is the Mondragon Cooperative Group (MCG), one of the largest, long-lived, and successful examples of workers’ owned organizations in the entire world. Mondragon has a remarkable record of financial success and the provision of sound and stable labour conditions. Founded in 1956, the Basque cooperatives now employ almost 100,000 members, are represented in more than a dozen countries, and are the focus of ongoing scrutiny, praise, and critique. While the well-known wage differential has grown somewhat over the years within the system, it remains quite narrow by almost any comparison, even when a number of top-level salaries that are pegged to the market are taken into account. Amidst the current economic downturn that began in 2007 that has resulted in over 20% unemployment in Spain and approximately half that in the Basque Country, the Mondragon co-ops have relied on their historic principles of democracy, equality, solidarity, and participation as fundamental parts of their management strategy. While 24% of Spanish companies have closed down during this recession, the MCG only had to close down one of the 120 cooperatives that form the group, and relocate the 35 workers into other companies. In fact, there is significant evidence of increased democratization in the FAGOR Group, the original industrial cooperatives and the heart of the system. For all these reasons, now is an important moment for attention to the distinctive characteristics of these cooperatives as well as their lessons for other socially inspired management, organizational, and market models. The MCG represents but one case; however, given its rich history, diverse characteristics, encounters with globalization, and experimentation in new forms of participation now underway, it provides an extremely important point of reference in any comprehensive or forward-looking examination of worker cooperatives today.
This call for papers is open to research contributions and critical-theoretical analyses of alternative organizations and especially worker cooperatives. We are especially interested in nuanced assessments of the methodological, philosophical, socio-political and organizational principles and challenges of workers cooperatives within the broader context of so-called alternative organizations. This means that sound empirical and interpretive investigations in the pursuit of important critical questions are encouraged. Such assessments may include attention to the activities, performance, and extensions of this kind of alternative organizations. We welcome multidisciplinary contributions and those that take on different perspectives that seek to bridge case-level detail with broader socio-economic trends. In addition, papers presenting theoretical reflections and analyses of specific worker owned cooperatives worldwide (such as Mondragon) should manifest a comparative perspective even if they do not fully examine each of two or multiple cases. Analyses that seek to apply recent developments in democratic theory and in alternative economics are certainly appropriate. Overall, the set of papers in the special issue will illuminate the complexities and changes in worker cooperatives, as they weather an extremely challenging period yet one ripe with opportunity.
The special issue will reflect the international scope of Organization, advancing its mission as an open, reflective, imaginative, and critical journal about what is happening worldwide that contributes to these reflections. Further, we aim to help to expand the field of organization studies by interrogating the diversity and comparative viability and authenticity of organizational forms and practices, including those grounded in deep forms of democracy and solidarity. By closely examining cooperative organizations, and comparing them with other forms of worker ownership and governance, the special issue will encourage further exploration of diverse forms of organization, managerial practice, and the social economy from all around the globe, widening research on the Mondragon Cooperative Experience (MCE) and other significant examples. Therefore, the call welcomes international collaborations, be they ongoing or ad hoc.
Examples of key themes for investigation allowing for further international comparisons include:
1. The organizational resources, structures, and dynamics allowing for social as well as economic resilience in worker cooperatives;
2. The changing roles of leadership in worker cooperatives: considering for example the interplay of various forms of leadership from charismatic to collaborative or group-based;
3. The capacity of and obstacles to the reinvention of democracy within cooperatives, including means to manage and solve conflicts between different goals, sectors, and constituencies (for example, concerning the relationship between worker-member-owners and temporary workers);
4. The relationships between cooperatives and organized labour, the state, the community, and the larger financial system;
5. Maintaining cooperative values while facing crises of participation, identity, and shared ownership and decision making within a system undergoing international expansion.
Papers should be no more than 8,000 words, excluding references, and will be blind reviewed following the journal’s standard procedures. Manuscripts should be prepared according to the guidelines published in Organization and on the journal's website
For further information, please contact one of the guest editors:
Iñaki Santa Cruz email@example.com
Elias Nazareno firstname.lastname@example.org
George Cheney email@example.com
Ana Maria Peredo firstname.lastname@example.org
- Best Paper on International Business Award
Nick Montgomery (PhD student in Political Science) and Dr. Ana Maria Peredo presented their paper co-authored with Eleanor Carlson (Anthropology and former CCCBE graduate student fellow), "The BOP Discourse as Capitalist Hegemony" at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management in Boston, August 2012. The paper was chosen as the Best Paper on International Business and was nominated for the Carolyn Dexter Award.
This paper draws on theories from postcolonialism, feminism, and post-structuralism, the paper argues that the increasingly popular "Bottom of the Pyramid" paradigm obscures non-capitalist alternatives and resistance to capitalism. Sincere thanks to Emmalee Brunt for her excellent work on the literature review for this award winning paper.
Congratulations on this award!
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- View all events on the CCCBE events calendar